Better transport improves living standards of people


The transport and electricity sectors are the most important infrastructural challenges in Myanmar that must be improved to enhance the lives of the people and attract foreign investment.
There are places in the country that cannot be accessed during certain seasons.
The 587km Yangon-Mandalay Expressway runs from Yangon to Mandalay, bypassing Bago, Taungoo, Nay Pyi Taw and Meiktila.
During the two-year period of the incumbent government, efforts were stepped up to improve the country’s transport sector. The Ministry of Transport and Communications trained some 3,954 marine engineers and registered 38 ocean-going cargo ships, 64 coastal passenger ships, 1,544 coastal cargo ships, 6,178 inland waterway cargo ships, and 69,207 boats with engine power under 20 horsepower.
The Myanmar Coastal and Inland Water Transport Service Licence Law was amended, and the 2017 bill amending the Myanmar Merchant Shipping Act was also submitted to the President.
While prioritising the improvement of the road transport sector, the ministry also upgraded the Yangon Port, which is the main port among the nine ports along the coastline of Myanmar.
The Yangon Port handles more than 90 per cent of the international waterway trade, and during the two-year period, a total of six wharves were constructed.
At the Thilawa port area, two multipurpose terminals of international standards were constructed with loans from Japan, and more than 50 per cent of the work has been completed.
A container barge was constructed with the assistance of Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) to transport goods along the Ayeyawady River between Yangon and Mandalay, as well as transport containers between Thilawa Port and Shwe Pyi Tha Shwe Me (Black Gold) Port.
In the two-year period, US$3.6 million was used to dredge the Yangon River, so that ocean-going ships can enter the port with ease.
Meanwhile, a logistics master plan was drawn up with the assistance of JICA in 2016, and it will be completed in March 2018.
It will reduce the urban-rural gap, as well as help reduce poverty. It is being done to review the projects in the national transport master plan.
The government is committed to helping the public benefit from a better transport system, as well as from the parallel creation of jobs. We have seen that the living standards of people have improved because of better transport.

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