Census, ethnicities discussed at Amyotha Hluttaw

Untitled 1 copy 13

The results of the 2014 population and housing census have not been completed because Myanmar’s ethnic groups have not been accounted for, it was learnt at yesterday’s Amyotha Hluttaw meeting.
The delay was revealed when U Shan Aung from Chin Constituency (2) asked when the complete results of the 2014 Myanmar Population and Housing Census (MPHC) would be made public.
The Union Minister for Labour, Immigration and Population U Thein Swe replied that they were unable to publish the findings of the 2014 MPHC due to a requirement for ethnic recognition. The census was carried out based on the previous census conducted in 1973, which documented Myanmar having 135 ethnic lineages.
The Union Minister said that there was a space in the 2014 census form asking participants to fill in their ethnicity, and the data from there was compiled without any alteration to the spelling or name of the chosen ethnicity. The Union Minister said this has led to confusion and requests for modifications from State and Region Governments and Hluttaws and the Union Election Commission. Some of the requests asked for certain ethnicities to be recognised as a separate ethnicity and not as a sub-ethnic group, while other requests asked to change their affiliation from one ethnic group to another. Some examples were claims that there are only six sub-ethnicities of Kachin instead of 12, or that the Chin people do not have 53 sub-ethnic groups.
The results of the 2014 population and housing census have not been completed because Myanmar’s ethnic groups have not been accounted for, it was learnt at yesterday’s Amyotha Hluttaw meeting.
The shortcoming was revealed when U Shan Aw from Chin Constituency (2) raised a question on when the complete results of the 2014 Myanmar Population and Housing Census (MPHC) will be made public.
The Union Minister for Labour, Immigration and Population U Thein Swe replied that they are unable to publish the findings of the 2014 MPHC due to a requirement for ethnic recognition. The census was carried out based on the previous census conducted in 1973 which documented Myanmar having 135 ethnic lineages.
For the most recent census, the Union Minister said they need to first document all the ethnics in Myanmar and to verify their ancestry in Myanmar.
“This requires a lengthy procedure meeting with leaders and representatives of ethnic organisations, the different committees for ethnic affairs, historians, cultural and demographic scholars, and filing reports to the President’s office and the Union Government”, the Union Minister said.
The 2014 MPHC can be completed only after a verification list of ethnic lineages recognised by the state has been announced, he said.
Also during yesterday’s Amyotha Hluttaw meeting, U Sai San Aung of Shan Constituency (12) asked if township and village-tract administrators will have their funds increased, to which Deputy Minister for Home Affairs Major General Aung Soe replied that there is no plans for increasing funds due to current national situations and the state of the national reserve fund.
Next, Dr. Maung Maung of Yangon Region Constituency (6) asked whether there will be changes to issue renewed passports with the same serial code instead of a new code, to which Maj-Gen Aung Soe replied that ordinary passports will be renewed with new serial codes only.
Afterwards, Daw Ohn Kyi of the Amyotha Hluttaw Bill Committee read the reviews and comments of a Bill for Myanmar Tourism. Union Minister for Hotels and Tourism U Ohn Maung and U Mya Min Swe of Magway Constituency (9) voted for the bill.
After a majority of votes, Amyotha Hluttaw Speaker Mahn Win Khaing Than announced the bill had passed with no amendments.
The next session of the Amyotha Hluttaw will be on 23 February.

 

Aye Aye Thant (MNA)

Share this post

Comments

Hot News
Hot News