Republic of the Union of Myanmar
Office of the President
Directive No 1/2020
1st Waning of Tagu 1381 ME
(8 April 2020)
1. The Republic of the Union of Myanmar signed on 30 December 1949 and ratified on 14 March 1956 the Convention of the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (“Genocide Convention”).
2. The Republic of the Union of Myanmar respects its obligations arising under the Genocide Convention and other sources of international law to prevent and punish the crime of genocide.
3. This Directive is addressed to all Ministries and all Regions and States Governments to ensure that its personnel, officers , staff—whether military or other security forces, or civil services—and local people, under its control or direction do not commit the acts mentioned in Articles II and III of the Genocide Convention, the text of which is set out in full in the attached Annex.
4. If anyone obtains credible information that one or more persons have violated paragraph 3 above—by commission of any of the acts mentioned there, or by attempting, aspiring to or inciting the commission of, or by being complicit in, any such acts—he or she shall inform the Office of President either through his or her superiors or directly or through other appropriate mechanisms that may be established.
5. Each Ministry and each Region and State Government shall transmit any credible information that it may receive from subordinates about possible acts referred to in paragraphs 3 and 4 above to the Office of the President. Each Ministry and each Region and State Government shall also provide a quarterly report on relevant developments to the Office of the President.
Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
(a) Killing members of the group;
(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
The following acts shall be punishable:
(b) Conspiracy to commit genocide;
(c) Direct and public incitement to commit genocide;
(d) Attempt to commit genocide;
(e) Complicity in genocide.