Designs on fragments of Pyu earthenware pottery

Historic Period Pyu Earthenware
The Pyu civilization flourished in Myanmar from the early years of the first century AD to about the ninth century AD. Bagan itself was reputedly a Pyu town before it became the capital of a unified Myanmar in the eleventh century. The Pyu were still in Bagan as late as AD 1113 as the Pyu script formed one of the four faces in four languages (Mon, Pali, Myanmar and Pyu) of the inscription set up by Prince Rajakumar, the son of King Kyanzittha in dedicating the Gubyaukgyi temple at Myinkaba in Bagan.
The Pyu later merged with the Myanmar and died out as a separate ethnic identity. Earthenware played an important role in Pyu culture. If was used for: (1) Storing food and water (2) Ceremonial, ritualistic and religious performance, (3) Decoration (4) Toys for children (5) Accompanying the dead, and to store cremated bones and ashes.
Earthenware in various forms, both unglazed and glazed has played a very important part in the lives of Myanmar people from the prehistoric period to historic and modern times.
For the historian pottery and ceramics are important relics useful for interpretting the lives and times of people of the past.
Following are the fragments of clay pots unearthed in Sri Ksetra, located along the Ayeyawady River, was once a prominent Pyu settlement.—GNLM

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