The outbreak of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) has increased in the first five months of this year in Yangon, Mandalay, Sagaing and Magway regions and Mon State, according to the Ministry of Health and Sports.
The official statistics stated that a total of 1,208 people were infected with the dengue hemorrhagic fever from 1 January to 16 May in 2020 with eight reported dead. The DHF broke out mostly in Yangon, Mandalay, Sagaing and Magway regions and Mon state. Among them, Yangon has seen the most cases with 325 cases and four deaths.
The DHF transmission rates in Yangon region are rampant with 24 people in South Dagon, 16 in Htantabin, 16 in Shwepyitha, 15 in Hlinethaya, 14 in Dala, 11 in North Dagon, 10 in Thingangyun, 10 in Insein, eight in Thanlyin and seven in North Okkalapa townships respectively.
Therefore, the Public Health Department is conducting effective preventive and control measures against DHF under the programme of covering, emptying and cleaning of water storage containers and spraying of mosquito repellents. The department is also planning to provide awareness training courses for the local people to understand how to prevent the disease from breaking out.
In this case, people need to participate in the health department. Also, the ward and township administrators need to announce in their wards and townships for the people to participate in the awareness training courses.
According to a WHO report, the dengue fever outbreak is significantly increasing in global countries. Myanmar saw 31,288 cases and 192 deaths in 2017 and over 4,000 cases and eight deaths in the first six months of 2018. Over 23,000 cases of DHF were also reported in 2019. Myanmar sees over 10,000 cases and about 60 deaths on an annual basis. Dengue fever is transmitted by the bite of the Aedes mosquito and mostly occurs in June, July and August of the country’s rainy season.
The Aedes mosquito can be recognized by white markings on its body. The Aedes mosquito is mostly breeding in the water bottle caps, the old tires and the vases. The Aedes mosquito is active during the day. Therefore, people need to protect themselves against mosquito bites during the day. The signs and symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever are high fever including headache, joint and muscle pain, vomiting and rashes. The patients suffering from DHF need to undergo emergency medical treatment if they have gone unconscious with the body getting cold.—Saw Myo Min Thein (IPRD) (Translated by Hay Mar)