Ecosystem conservation

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Once, forest resources covered 50 percent of the land surface of Myanmar. But, sadly, forest resources had been extensively exploited as one of the main sources of foreign exchange income for the country and for domestic use during the past three decades. And there were also illegal logging and indiscriminate firewood cutting that caused further depletion of forest resources to an unknown extent.
The loss of forest resources was followed by environmental destruction and climate changes as barren landscape is more vulnerable to man-made and natural disasters. Nowadays the entire mankind is facing a lot of problems and hazards and unprecedented degree of natural disasters resulting from climate change. But wildlife is experiencing more hardships as changes in weather patterns has shrunk, and in some cases totally wiped out, most of their habitats. In fact, those events remind us to protect and conserve forest resources as our lifeblood. Beyond that, we must protect and conserve the ecosystem.
An ecosystem includes all of the living things (plants, animals and organisms) in a given area, interacting with each other, and also with their non-living environments (weather, earth, sun, soil, climate, and atmosphere). Ecosystems are the foundations of the biosphere and they determine the health of the entire earth system.
Ecosystems have no fixed boundaries; instead their parameters are set according to the scientific, management, or policy limits. Depending upon the purpose of analysis, a single lake, a watershed, or an entire region could be considered an ecosystem.
If a stream is flowing across a forest, both the forest and stream are relying on one another. If the stream dries up, the forest cannot survive, and if the forest is depleted, the stream dies. Here, the stream represents all the natural waterbodies and watercourses and other non-living things, such as land, mountains of the world, and the forest stands for all the living things including all species of flora and fauna. So, this is a clear example of the interdependent ecosystem of the livings and non-living things on which the very survival of the Earth depends.
It is the duty of mankind to protect and preserve the remaining parts of the whole ecosystem, including wildlife and trees. We in Myanmar are also responsible for the sustainability of the ecosystem. But it is an enormous task. So, the relevant department alone cannot do the job. It alone cannot protect the ecosystem from becoming damaged as the ignorant are still destroying the ecosystem, knowingly and unknowingly. The work calls for the awareness and the involvement of the entire people.
For example, an elephant conservationist was selected for the State Counsellor’s gratitude of honour for July this year. According to the records, there are a total of about 150 elephants living in the six forest reserves in Ayeyawady Region, Ngaputaw Township. To prevent the wild elephants from being killed by poachers, protection and conservation works were jointly conducted by governmental and non-governmental organizations, in which U Kyaw Myint Tun @ U Tun Lay of Tin Chaung Village Tract was an enthusiastic participant. Thanks to his relentless efforts, some poachers were arrested, poaching weapons and equipment were seized and elephants can be saved to a certain extent. In fact, saving wildlife amounts to conserving the ecosystem.
So, like this elephant hero, all citizens, well-wishers, and civil society organizations of Myanmar should take part in protecting and conserving the ecosystem with might and main.

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