Fostering sustainable development through enhancement of human resources

  • By Maung Than Win Shwe


A common goal of every nation is development; sustainable development is a requirement for the present-day. Developing countries keep enjoy higher standards of living with determination to free social ills, oppression, diseases, poverty and scarcity of knowledge from advanced countries. In addition, these advanced countries are eager enough to explore mysteries in space.
In the present-day, great openings for education and health are more and more recognized as outstanding characteristics. According to United Nations Development Decade Reports, the development of human resources is found to have played an important role than that of natural resources. The investment in education and health sectors is needed when human qualities are required to become shinier and shinier.

Investments are needed for Educational Development
Illiteracy campaign is closely related to human intelligence and wide ideas. In the same way, human investments are believed to have solved inputs on obstacles and difficulties. Investment in education takes a long time to bear fruits than that in things immaterial. The longer the age, the better for human beings; they could serve humanity with their enormous amount of knowledge. Outdated mode of materials falls into ruin faster then that in men.
In the present-day, the following two indicators are used for the extents of education sector and its solutions. The indicators are percentage from national incomes of a country and 5-14 age groups from out of a total population. The two indicators show that people with higher per capita income are crowded in advanced countries whereas the workforce in agriculture sector has decreased. There is fourth goal out of 17 centennial goals in the developed and least developed countries: equitable quality of education must be pursued with the aim of being all-inclusive and a chance of study throughout one’s life.’

Importance of human resources
Level of quality education should be examined regionally. In addition, educational opportunities for men and women to keep on pursuing, education in villages and towns and income gaps in the pursuance of education must be investigated specifically and will highlight the present-day educational developments. Three developmental forces in a country are workers, natural forces and financial matters. Even though there are natural forces and financial ones abundantly in a country, unsystematic exploitation of natural resources and lack of skilled workers could lead to development goals.
In a developing countries like Myanmar. The development of human resources is a main thing to meet the requirements of our country. It is a well-known fact that human resources are equally important as things immaterial. The rich experience of an educator is invaluable.
So far as the educationists have shared their knowledge, many more educated persons can be produced. In some ways, passing on of rich experiences to younger generations is an invaluable requirement for both developing and developed countries. This should be regarded as an increase to the educational development.
According to the studies in developed countries, investment in human resources is going faster than that of immaterial things for the socio-economic systems of those countries. There is a surplus of human resources in developing countries. The surplus of human workforces should be used effectively and fully in order to boost productive forces and higher standards of living.

Taking invaluable sequences
Human resources do not depend on a population but on a number of skilled workers. The advantages of human resources cannot be measured as those of immaterial things. Investments in human forces will boost people to increase their incomes and productive power; their expenses are regarded as the sort of investments. Educational spending in Myanmar should be considered in accordance with the requirements, thereby leading to national development of our country.
When the quality of education is investigated, educational investments should be accompanied by the development of skilled workers.
Allocations of libraries in schools or wards lead to mental quality in addition to lessons taught in schools, thereby carrying out invaluable consequences for students. As reliable developments of our country, the progress may be accompanied by teachings in schools. An incisive mind and encouragement must be carried out to meet the requirements of students. Higher education is required to be cultivated by incisive minds and goodwill.
Foreign investments are made in different regions and foreigners are doing their business; corporate social responsibility (CSR) should be regarded as a sort of investment in human resources. The programmes of CSR along with investments made in mills, factories and economic zones are considered as carrying out social responsibilities of businessmen and investors. By mentioning the arrangement of CSR means different allocations of development in education, health and social affairs. At the same time, the local could have more chances of getting jobs; they tend to get trained for acquiring modern techniques for possible promotions, thus paving the way for sustainable development.

Importance of knowledge of education
How much is spent for educational sector from national finances, it is important to know the value of education between givers( teachers) and receivers( students) There should be vivid descriptions on educational objectives and rights to know the value of education so that budgets on education should be used worthwhile. It is easy for estimation of education budgets, but it is never easy to bring about the direct results from education. Direct effects and as well as indirect ones leading to invaluable effects would emerge, according to education experts.
Sustainable development of skilled workers would result in cooperation for faster advantages. It is a requirement for every developing country for local and international cooperation and non-governmental organizations. Thus this cooperation should be practiced unconditionally. As education is of importance to a country, future prospects would depend on health and prosperity of each and every one.
Thus poverty would result in the end everywhere.
(Translated by Arakan Sein)

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