Hlawga hatchery breeding 18 fish species for fish farmers

A poster shows fish species for breeding, hatching and rearing at the Hlawga Hatchery Centre . Photo: Than Htike
A poster shows fish species for breeding, hatching and rearing at the Hlawga Hatchery Centre . Photo: Than Htike

The Hlawga Hatchery is breeding 18 species of fish, including carp, striped catfish, barb, climbing perch, catla, and mrigal for distributing them to fish farmers.
There are three fish hatcheries and one shrimp hatchery in Yangon Region. The Hlawga hatchery, which is operating under the Yangon Region Fisheries Department, is the largest in Myanmar. Myanmar started operating hatcheries in 1958 with wild-caught fish. However, lack of artificial breeding techniques forced fish breeders to import fish. In 1962, Myanmar livestock breeders, in collaboration with Indian experts, launched a hatchery business in Hlawga and reaped fruitful results. The hatchery is now producing various fish species of different sizes to meet fish farmers’ requirements.
“The hatchery is trying to meet fish breeders’ demand. They sell fish and larvae, depending on the breeders’ demand. The prices vary depending on the species. The department is making efforts to improve the fish farming sector, in spite of the lack of technology,” said Daw Thin Thin Oo, the Deputy Director of the livestock breeding section under the Yangon Region Fisheries Department.
At the Hlawga Hatchery, eggs of striped catfish and rohu are released in the morning after being injected the previous night. The eggs turn into larvae five days later, and can be placed in the market after another 21 days. This month, the hatchery has distributed about 2 million rohu larvae to fish
In addition to striped catfish, rohu and other fish products that are highly demanded by the external market, the market for Mekong giant catfish (locally called Ngamyin) is growing. Therefore, the Fisheries Department is working to produce that fish species with the help of foreign experts at hatcheries in Yangon and Ayeyawady regions.
In Yangon Region, the Hlawga hatchery was opened in 1958, followed by the Laydaukkan hatchery in 1980, and the Kyauktan shrimp hatchery and the Twantay fish hatchery on 1,300 acres of land in the late 1980s.
The Yangon Region Fisheries Department is offering intensive fish farming courses at the Hlawga hatchery, which cover artificial breeding, maintaining the origin of fish, nursing fingerlings or larvae, quality control of water, and fish diseases and their treatment.
About 30 hatcheries are currently operating under the Myanmar Fisheries Department. To improve the livestock sector, the department is providing educational courses and raising awareness about illegal fish farming and preservation of endangered fish species, as well as releasing fish into rivers, creeks, dams, and reservoirs, and collecting fishery data, in cooperation with international organizations.—Than Htike, GNLM (Translated by Ei Myat Mon)

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