The Implementation Process of the Union Enterprise for humanitarian Assistance, Resettlement and Development in Rakhine State

  • Prof. Dr. Nyunt Thein
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The first batch of youth volunteers deliver aid to people in Maungtaw.  Photo: MMAL

A Committee for the Union Enterprise for humanitarian Assistance, Resettlement and Development in Rakhine State (UEHRD) has been established with the aim of implementing the projects in all sectors for the development of Rakhine State. Therefore cooperation is being made with the Union Government, the people, the private sector, local NGOs, INGOs, CSOs, partner nations and UN agencies. The UEHRD is aimed at providing humanitarian assistance, resettlement, rehabilitation and working for development of Rakhine State.
The UEHRD is a Union Enterprise because it is not a Government Ministry, a Government Committee and a Private Company. It is also known as a new mechanism initiated by State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi together with Dr. Win Myat Aye as Vice Chairman, Dr. Aung Tun Thet as Chief Coordinator and U Kyaw Myaing as Information and Communications Director, to solve the immediate problems as well as the mid-term and long-terms problems in Rakhine.

Three Main Tasks
There are three main tasks which will be performed in the plan; (1) Effective provision of proper repatriation of the refugees from Myanmar (2) Relief and resettlement (3) Sustainable development of the region that is free from conflicts.
Arrangements are being made by UEHRD to accept donated funds through the Myanmar Economic Bank and Private Banks. It is important to disseminate the news and communications procedures, and to make cooperation with the businessmen who can make plans for the implementation of certain recommendations of the Advisory Commission on Rakhine State which are deemed to be beneficial to the future projects. Maungtaw is a region which is greatly in need of basic infrastructures and transportation. People from remote areas, especially villages where the Mro, Thet, Daingnet, Khami races reside are in bad condition of living.

Nine tasks forces of UEHRD
Nine tasks forces of UEHRD, construction and infrastructure; agriculture and livestock breeding, Economic Zones Development, Information and Public Relations, job creation and Vocational Training, Healthcare, Micro-financing, Fund raising through crowd-funding and Tourism promotion. Moreover plans are under way to construct the infrastructure buildings, installing water, electricity access and upgrading roads.
As the development strategy for Rakhine State was already set, UEHRD’s tasks forces coordinate with Rakhine State government to carry out the strategy properly. The tasks forces are also planning to conduct the Vocational Trainings for the local residents for the development in their education and livelihood.
Setting Two Goals
In launching the UEHRD programme, there are two goals; the first goal is to provide humanitarian assistance to the needy with the cooperation of youths from across the nation, and the other is to take part in the implementation of resettling villages which were destroyed, under the support of the governments of Regions and States.
In providing assistance, priority should be made to choose from the villages — remote areas and areas within reach of a one-day round-trip journey. Now the villages in Maungtaw, including Ngakhura, are to be done in the second batch, and local Rakhine people, Hindus and Islamists are living together peacefully. Obviously, they share the same market and school in the region.
In implementing the tasks under the UEHRD programme, there are two pieces of news to share — one is eager desire to show that not only local nationals but also the whole populace across the nation are giving support wholeheartedly, and the other is to show that there is no discrimination, as alleged by some.

In line with task force’s objectives, measures are taken to rapidly organize its resources and donations to contribute its infrastructure and construction resources to this project. After the completion of the main roads, transportation from Sittwe to Maungtaw will take a much shorter time, and this will bring about many benefits to the region.
The new road will significantly cut down the travel time in transporting urgent supplies and materials to the region to aid in current redevelopment efforts.
In addition, the completed road is expected to facilitate smoother and more efficient movement of border trade, particularly since Maungtaw Border Trade Zone is one of the key border trade gateways which actively trade agricultural and industrial products throughout the year. With improved transport and accessibility, this also means the region will also benefit from more potential development, job creation, and greater economic prosperity and improved living standards. AWF is proud to play a role towards the broader macro-economic plans for Rakhine state’s development into a special economic and industrial zone in the future.

Sending voluntary and receiving assistance
Under the arrangement of Dr. Win Myat Aye (Vice President of UEHRD), voluntary youths will be sent in order to give humanitarian assistance to Rakhine after careful planning and training. They are just private citizens who wish to give assistance and make donations to the needy.
The UEHRD will implement to provide humanitarian assistance to the refugees who went over to Bangladesh and to arrange resettlement of the ethnic nationals, Hindus and other local ethnic people living in Rakhine. Local people are in desperate need of in better situations such as the housing, the roads, the water supply, the electricity supply, health care, and education sectors. The UEHRD has welcomed positive assistance from all the countries of the world, especially the neighbouring countries and the developed ones. Effective measures are being made to share the necessary assistance via the diplomatic channel or diplomatic missions abroad. The donors can offer in the form of assistance will be considered on a case-by-case basis.
Only if the whole populace collectively cooperates will success be gained. Especially now, it is time for the praiseworthy deeds of youths, the future generation, to wholeheartedly contribute their voluntary labours and withstand all the hardships.


Translated by Win Ko Ko Aung

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