International Anti-Corruption Day Forum held in Yangon

International Anti-Corruption Day Forum being convened in Yangon yestrerday. Photo : Hla Moe
International Anti-Corruption Day Forum being convened in Yangon yestrerday. Photo : Hla Moe

To commemorate the International Anti-Corruption Day that fells on 9 December a 2018 International Anti-Corruption Day Forum was held under the theme “Enhance Accountability to Prevent Corruption” at the Rose Garden Hotel, Yangon yesterday morning.
Increasing the responsibility against corruption is the backbone and essential strategy to eradicate Systematic Corruption that had permeated throughout the entire country and there are four stages in it said Myanmar Anti-Corruption Commission Chairman U Aung Kyi in his opening remark at the forum.
First is to consistently monitor and evaluate your own department’s corruption free conducts and to take responsibility toward improving it. Recognition and award to be made when there are progress. Penalties and punishments to be made when there are no progress. Here, it is important to amend and reform the way works is conducted, processes, rules and regulations in corrupt departments and reduce the numbers of offenders. Second is to listen to the voices of the public, businesses, media and civil service organisations. There ought to be a mechanism in the department to accept and resolve complaints made by victims. Corruption in the department is to be analyzed and reviewed. Comments and advices against corruption coming from third parties need to be accepted and considered.
Third is to bring in an outside agency to audit, monitor and review the department’s performance. It is not a shameful thing or a shameful matter to invite public organisations and third parties to review and assess your department. In fact it is firm assurance that there is transparency and responsibility and thus is an honorable thing to be proud of.
Fourth is the fact that corruption is not something that occurs impulsively or a spur of a moment thing but is a crime of calculation. We all need to accept and believe in this and institutional leaders themselves need to lead and tackle it to change the situation. As we all understand that people who have more income are liable to corruption when they have the authorities and rights to do things, people are taking calculated risk on whether to take bribe or not depending upon the value of the bribe, whether the bribery can be discovered and punishment meted out rather than he/she had low or high income in the first place. Leaders who want to eradicate corruption and want reform are to ensure that no one is set-free without punishment for any act of corruption. Only then can there be no corruption. It is important to monitor so that information is obtained at the earliest possible time, take effective action as soon as information is obtained, provide incentive depending upon individual’s ability or take effective action. The forum is jointly conducted by Myanmar Anti-Corruption Commission, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and will be held for two days it is learnt. Anti-Corruption Commission Chairman said there is no country in the world where corruption and intimidation for bribes are permitted by law. However, it is not possible to sue and take action against everyone who did this and we do not expect them to realize their wrongs and stop doing it. That is why we need to make the people who conduct Systematic Corruption lost their balance. The Commission alone could not do this. All need to form an Integrity Pact and eradicate it in a unified momentum.
In the first part of forum economist U Myint, Dr. Aung Tun Thet, U Khin Maung Nyo (economics), Dr. Tin Maung Than (Thint Ba Wa) discussed under the titles “corruption: cause, affect and remedy,” “Stop Corruption,” “The Role of Political Institution to Promote Accountability” and “Towards Accountability Program” respectively.
In the afternoon session a talk circle under the title “Enhance Accountability to Prevent Corruption” was moderated by Dr. Aung Tun Thet with panelists consisting of Directorate of Investment and Company Administration Director General U Aung Naing Oo, National Education Policy Commission Director General (Retired) Dr. Khaing Mye, The Voice Journal editor U Zeya Thu, UMFCCI joint secretary general Daw Khine Khine Nwe, Max Myanmar Chief Executive Officer U Chris Tun, A2JI Vice Chairman U Thwin Lin Aung and MATA Coordinator U Ye Lin Myint.
The forum today was attended by Yangon Region Chief Minister, Yangon Region Hluttaw Speaker, Yangon Region ministers, Hluttaw affairs committee chairmen and secretaries, representatives from UNODC and UNDP, partner organisations, state/district level departmental officials, officials from civil service organisations, post graduate students from Ministry of Education, university students and media. The theme of this year International Anti-Corruption Day is “United Against Corruption.”— Ye Gaung Nyunt (Translated by Zaw Min)

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