International Day of Peace: Building Blocks for Peace

Dr. Khine Khine Win

“The Sustainable Development Goals: Building Blocks for Peace: is the theme for 2016 International Day of Peace. September 21 is designated as the International Day of Peace and was established in 1981 by the United Nations General Assembly. On that day United Nations invites all nations and people to honor a cessation of hostilities during the day and to otherwise commemorate the Day through education and public awareness on issues related to peace. Peace is the United Nation’s highest calling. The United Nations defined peace as the collection of attitudes, beliefs and actions that demonstrate a concern for worldwide human rights and a positive regard for life. Peace is very important not only for the Nations but also for the globe. However, peace is not a one-time act. True peace is built over time, with many different processes and approaches that move conflict into lasting, peaceful relationships.  It requires action at many different levels, by different people, in different ways, and at different points in a conflict. Increased understanding – of different cultures, languages, and concerns – can go a long way toward reducing conflict.
Let’s see the 2030 agenda for sustainable development goals. This is the agenda for next 15 years in 5 critical areas for humanity and the planet. They are People, Planet, Prosperity, Peace and Partnership. Regarding the Peace, the world leaders are determined to foster to peaceful, just and inclusive societies which are free from fear and violence. There can be no sustainable development without peace and no peace without sustainable development. They are interdependent and mutually reinforcing. Every single one of the sustainable development goals is a building block in the global architecture of peace. No doubt, we need sustainable peace for sustainable future.
In order to achieve all sustainable development goals, there must be peace within countries as well as within globe as un-peaceful somewhere is un-peaceful everywhere. Here, let me quote the words by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, the State Counsellor “The news of peace restored in other countries keeps us cheerful, because we humans are somewhat of the same mind. Peace in one place raises hope for peace in the other place”. Without peace we cannot hope for stability, human rights, effective governance and sustainable development. Again, Peace is the linchpin in implementation of sustainable development goals.
So how do we build peace? What are the blocks for building peace? Education is one of the essential tools for Peace. We need to educate the public by raising the positive impact of peace and negative impact of conflict. Without knowledge they may not have the ability to understanding the meaning of peace. If there is peace, we can eradicate illiteracy, enable ethnic people to pursue higher education and promote ethnic literature will be carried out.
Trust is also an essential ingredient in building peace. Without trust there can be no genuine peace. In order to build peace, first we need to build trust. Without peace nothing good things can happen. No education, no rule of law, no good governance, no good economic, no peaceful life and so on. Peace provides the appropriate environment for many other things such as better economic performance, more inclusive societies, including gender equality and better measures on ecological sustainability.
Inclusiveness is also one of the blocks to build peace.  Indeed, there is another block, understanding. If we desire a society of peace, we need understanding each other. We cannot achieve such a society through violence.
If we want to achieve the 17 goals for sustainable development for our planet, we absolutely need peace everywhere in the world. Peace only can make our dreams comes true. To achieve global goals, we need world peace. If you want our future with sustainable development, stop fighting and let’s build peace.

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