Malversation and red tape

Both malversation and red tape are detrimental to a certain country’s prestige and development. These practices prevail in many countries in the world irrespective of whether they are rich or poor. Malversation is the corrupt administration and red tape is the bureaucratic routine. Ordinary people in these countries are reluctant to go to public offices as there are lots of paper work and bureaucracy. When people need to take official documents, recommendation or permits from public offices, they have to go there and deal with civil servants or government employees.  In this situation, inevitably people encounter the practices of malversation and red tape committed by some officials. The office work and procedures are always surrounded by red tape. Even then, they do not perform their duties properly.  So, the people usually get annoyed, confused and frustrated with the misconduct of the authorities concerned. The worst thing is that the bureaucrats and civil servants in the administration behave haughtily to the public concerned. Even though they are paid to serve for the interests of their own people and citizens, they concentrate on personal gain and benefits from their work illegally. They deliberately delay the office work submitted or applied by public for some approval of the officials or permits.  They use delaying tactics to take bribe from the public. They use their authority or power in a dishonest or illegal way in order to get an advantage for themselves. They shamelessly behave in such a way instead of performing the public services dutifully and honestly.
For their disgusting misconduct, they lose public confidence and trust. The people cautiously deal with them to gain official documents or permits or approval through red tape. The corrupt officials ask for bribe from the people. Subsequently, the people unwillingly bribe the officials concerned to get their job done properly, correctly, timely and smoothly. Otherwise, the service will take a long time and red tape is utilized by corrupt officials intentionally. When we study this case, the people are coerced by the corrupt officials to give bribe. The use of coercion is the tactic of the corrupt personnel. The ordinary people are scared to complain about it because the corrupt personnel can cause so much trouble when they need to apply for public services next time.
The corrupt officials may be graduates or holders of many degrees from Institutes, but their bad character and misconduct ruin their reputation badly. They do not serve the people’s affairs and interests with their knowledge, skill and capacity effectively. Thus, they do not become outstanding and model government officials. The corrupt officials usually neglect morals, code of conducts for civil services and ethical values. If a certain society is corrupt the other clean societies will not associate with it for anything. They are totally not worthy of their higher or lower positions they are assigned to perform the duty in the public offices.
Their low mentality, selfishness, misconduct, hoity-toity manner tarnish the image of the government and the nation concerned. Such practices should not be existent in any civilized and humane society across the world. Otherwise, such a country cannot develop and people will be unhappy. If the corrupt officials change their mindsets and quit from malpractices, they will surely gain the trust and due respect from the public concerned. As for the dutiful, model, honest and outstanding officials, every citizen honors them for their prestige and human dignity. Concerning a bribery case, the person who takes and the person who gives bribe are equally involved and guilty. Punitive actions must be taken against them. If the malversation and red tape still prevail in a certain country, the foreign investors are reluctant to invest in that country. Naturally, the foreign investors think that they might encounter a series of inconveniences, uncertainty, difficulties and losses of investment in that particular corrupt country. Nowadays, public wish to have good governance and clean government which could guarantee the comfort and convenience of their daily life in any society or country in the world.
To eliminate the scourge of malversation from the face of the Earth, the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 31 October, 2003. The assembly also designated 9 December as International Anti-corruption Day, to raise awareness of corruption and the role of the Convention in combating and preventing it. The convention entered into force in December 2005. It opens to all countries and regional economic organizations. The number of signatories reached 140 (as of 1 November 2007) and the number of ratifications / Accessions reached 125 (as of 29 September, 2008).
Myanmar became the 165th State Party to UN Convention against Corruption framework on 20 December 2012 by ratifying the UNCAC. The Convention entered into force for Myanmar on 19 January 2013.
Nowadays, the governments in some countries carry out the tasks for elimination of corruption as their national task. For example, the mainland Chinese government has launched the operation ‘Fox Hunt’ to crack down on corruption over the past year. The operation has already brought charges against 50 high ranking officials. The Chinese government has also cracked down on corruption that was practiced by both high and low ranking officials. The mainland Chinese government takes punitive actions against the corrupt officials (even death penalty was given).The actions reveal that corruption must be eliminated in order to protect a wide range of corrosive effects on any societies. On the other hand, public servants must be able to act as model of dignity and honesty so that public trust can be built. The global governments realize that such immoral practices corrode their own identities and cultures so they ought to combat the red tape and malversation in their countries and regions. Majority peoples are the victims targeted by the corrupt officials those who are assigned to perform public affairs or public services. The misconduct, malpractice, misappropriation and corruption are totally unacceptable and unpardonable in the civilized societies. Severe punishment must be given to those who are found guilty for corruption in public services.  Their shameless behavior and notoriety make their own people frustrated. Therefore, we do not consider those corrupt government officials gentlemen or gentlewomen. Despite receiving the monthly salaries, they grab public money and public property for their illicit prosperity. In fact, they are perpetrators. The public prefers to see and deal with the honest and virtuous government officials all the time so that they will not encounter malversation and red tape.
Actually, UNCAC appeared on the world stage out of the desire and demand for eliminating the corruption and bribery by the entire world people. So elimination of bribery and corruption becomes a global concern or issue. All state parties which ratified UNCAC are obliged to comply or cooperate with the principles and activities laid down by UNCAC. Likewise, we all are responsible for combating the corruption and bribery in our respective societies in order to avoid exploitation and injustice. May all the governments in the world be clean, honest and kind to their fellow-countrymen!!!!

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