Modern methods, training key for new agricultural system adaptable to climate change

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  • The agriculture sector continues to play a large part in development of the country.
    The change in the global agriculture sector has brought opportunities to our farmers and stakeholders in the industry.
    In addition, the Pyithu Hluttaw gave a nod to MPs to discuss a motion urging the Union Government to implement nationwide agricultural training courses and seminars to improve agricultural knowledge, and thus enhance the livelihoods of farmers.
    To reach one of our goals of boosting the country’s economy based on the agriculture sector, we need to disseminate modern agricultural methods to farmers and provide them with better inputs, quality seeds and better logistics and marketing arrangements.
    Myanmar has a surplus of rice, other crops, meat and fish, in addition to ideal weather conditions and land for agriculture, but the general populace requires skills to use them effectively.
    To boost agricultural and livestock products, it is needed to fulfil the needs of our farmers, who are major producers in the agriculture sector, in accordance with the law.
    Myanmar’s economy improved in the 2017-2018 Fiscal Year, which ended in March, with a recovery in the agricultural sector, which comprises farmers, improved manufacturing performance and strong services growth, according to the World Bank’s report. Our farmers are producing more crops — rice, beans, and pulses.
    The agriculture sector accounts for 26 per cent of GDP.
    Favourable weather conditions and increased external demand caused agricultural output to rise by an estimated 2.5 per cent in this fiscal year.
    Therefore, the government needs to support the farmers so that they can expand the growing of crops as much as possible in areas throughout the country.
    In addition to rice, which is a staple food for us, various types of pulses such as mung beans, pigeon peas, green grams, peanuts, sesame seeds, and fruits and vegetables including corn, watermelons, muskmelons, mangoes, onions, ginger, tea leaves and coffee beans, among other things, are shipped to foreign countries.
    One of the challenges we are facing today is shortage of farm labourers that is also occurring in developed countries, where youths from rural areas walk away from farms to take jobs in cities.
    To overcome that, we need to promote agricultural education and training, as it can play a strategic role in helping our country’s youths to develop productive careers in agriculture and related agri-businesses.
    Now is the time to change our country’s weaknesses in performing research for a new system of agriculture that can be adaptable to climate change.
    For that, we need agricultural education and trainings for our farmers.
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