Mongkaing to preserve ancient earthen walls, wells as historical heritage

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According to the historical records, Shan ethnic people started living in Mongkaing Township, southern Shan State for over 2,000 years in 106 ME under the name of Namnip village.

According to the historical records, Shan ethnic people started living in Mongkaing Township, southern Shan State for over 2,000 years in 106 ME under the name of Namnip village. After that, the number of the villages has increased with the name of Wainngin, Wainkham, Wainleng and Wainpaing villages.
The oldest towns are the Wainngin (silver city) in 394 ME and Wainkham (golden town) in 654 ME. But now, the Wainngin (silver city) has become a village from Honar village-tract. But the name of the Wainkham (golden city) is no longer called. But, some areas in the middle of farmland, on the other side of the Namtaim Creek and some earthen ramparts will be clearly visible as symbols of Wainkham (golden town).
Wainleng towns were established in 684 ME and only a few ruins of the old earthen wall can still be seen today. According to the ancient records, about four wells, seven lakes and 12 wards were established in 962 ME. These wells are named Nam Maw Hsaung Sai, Nam Maw Ai Lar, Nam Maw Tung Tang, Nam Maw Ho Kho Phat Nawng (aka) Nam Maw Kham Hswe.  The lakes are named Naung Mo Lai, Naung Pon Ngoh, Naung Yay, Naung San Kar, Naung Kay Nam, Naung Tung Tang, Naung Moe Lon Lon.
In 1060 ME, Shwebontha/Waibonla (Kaungmupheelar) pagoda was built to commemorate the victory over the invading Chinese army. The pagoda is now located in the area around the city prayer hall.
In Mongkaing town, there are many wells that have been donated by the Shan Saophas beside the ancient wells dug during the King Siridhamma Soka. According to the antique records, these 11 wells are Nam Maw Ai Lar, Nam Maw Wit, Nam Maw Hsaung Sai, Nam Maw Auk, Nam Maw Lat Wo, Nam Maw Pheik, Nam Maw Swam, Nam Maw Kwai, Nam Maw Sang and Nam Maw Say.
In the past, only ancient wells were relied upon for drinking water during the summer. Now, some of the wells were damaged, losing the form of historic wells.
Therefore, this article was written to show some evidence of the ancient earthen walls and historical heritage of Mongkaing with an aim for the youth to appreciate and preserve Mongkaing’s ancient walls, historical heritage and ancient wells. — Chaw (Mongkaing)/GNLM

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