Work is underway to monitor Yangon’s air quality by setting up observation equipment at three permanent locations in addition to a single mobile unit, the Yangon City Development Committee said Thursday.
Three machines are planned to be positioned in front of Maha Bandoola Park, at Hledan Junction in Kamayut Township and at Htaukkyant intersection in Mingaladon Township, while the mobile device will be used in a variety of locations, said U Aung Myint Maw, deputy head of YCDC’s pollution control and cleansing department on Thursday.
The US-made HAZ-Scanner EPAZ units are designed to measure carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, methane, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide and particulate matters PM 10, PM 5, POM 2.5 and PM 1.
Reduction measures will be considered if the results exceed guidelines, the department said.
Particulate matter exceeding the World Health Organization guideline level of 50 micrograms averaged over a 24-hour period is deemed to have adverse health consequences. WHO studies attributed some 3.2 million deaths worldwide in 2010 to air pollution.
In recent years, most parts of Yangon, Myanmar’s famed commercial hub with a population of more than 5 million, has seen a dramatic influx of vehicles, even on the streets of once-quiet wards. Emissions from vehicles, which have risen concurrently, are considered the leading cause of air pollution.