Mountains are crucial to life

[dropcap font=”0″]T[/dropcap]he UN General Assembly designated 11 December as the International Mountain Day in 2003, with the intentions of creating awareness about the importance of mountains to life, to highlight the opportunities and constraints in mountain development and to build partnerships that will bring positive change to the world’s mountains and highlands.
In fact, the mountains and streams are the onsets of all that we need for survival. People who reside in mountain areas can diversify their income by engaging in activities such as tourism, high-value mountain products and handicrafts.
This year, the theme for the International Mountain Day is ‘Mountain Farming’ to raise awareness of how family farming in mountain regions is undergoing transformation due to population growth, economic globalization, urbanization and the migration of men and youth to urban areas.
Actually, mountains are sanctuaries for animals and provide for their needs. We have absolute faith in their ensuring the welfare of both our animals and ourselves.
Mountain systems, covering about 27 percent of the world’s land surface and directly supporting 22 percent of the world’s people, are the water towers of the world, providing for the freshwater needs of more than half of humanity.
The world’s mountains cover some of the most spectacular landscapes and support a wide variety of ecosystems, a great diversity of species, and distinctive human communities. Of the 20 plant species that supply 80% of the world’s food, six species (maize, potatoes, barley, sorghum, tomatoes, and apples) originated in mountains.
Mountains are crucial to life, but they are vulnerable to a host of natural and anthropogenic threats, including seismic hazards, fire, climate change, land cover change and agricultural intensification, infrastructure development and armed conflicts. These pressures degrade mountain environments and affect the provision of ecosystem services and the livelihoods of people dependent upon them.
Therefore, mountains are our visible treasures and we need to love them with environmental awareness.

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