NCA reaches 2nd Anniversary

President U Htin Kyaw, State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, diplomats and other participants pose for documentary photo.  Photo: Myanmar News Agency
President U Htin Kyaw, State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, diplomats and other participants pose for documentary photo.  Photo: Myanmar News Agency

Ceremony in commemoration of 2nd Anniversary of the Signing of Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement was held at MICC-1 in Nay Pyi Taw at 10 am of 15 October.
Ceremony was attended by President U Htin Kyaw, State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, Vice-Presidents U Myint Swe and U Henry Van Thio, Speaker of Pyithu Hluttaw U Win Myint, Speaker of Amyotha Hluttaw, Mahn Win Khaing Than, Union Chief Justice U Htun Htun Oo, Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services Senior General Min Aung Hlaing, Chairman of Constitutional Tribunal of the Union U Myo Nyunt, Chairman of Union Election Commission U Hla Thein, Deputy C-in-C of Defence Services, Commander in Chief (Army) Vice-Senior General Soe Win, Deputy Speaker of Amyotha Hluttaw, Chairman of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Legal Affairs and Special Cases Assessment Commission, Union Ministers, Union Attorney- General, Chairman of Union Civil Service Board, Chairman of Nay Pyi Taw Council, Chairman of Myanmar National Human Right Commission, Chairman of Anti-Corruption Commission, Chief Ministers of Regions and States, Chief of General Staff (Army, Navy, Air), Army Officials from C-in-C (Army) office, Chairman of Hluttaw Affairs Committee, Commanders, Deputy Ministers, representatives from political parties, witnesses of NCA Signing, members of UPDJC, committee members of JMC-U, signatories of Ethnic Armed Organizations, diplomats, representatives from international organizations, businessmen and invited guests. In the event, Chairman of National Reconciliation and Peace Center, State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi delivered an opening speech.
(State Counsellor’s speech is reported separately)
Then, Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services, Senior General Min Aung Hlaing gave a speech.
(Senior General’s speech is reported separately)
KNU Chairman, General Saw Mutu Sae Poe also delivered speech on behalf of the signatories of armed ethnic organizations.
(The speech of KNU Chairman, General Saw Mutu Sae Poe is reported separately)
Afterwards, report of the work development of Union Peace Dialogue Joint Committee was read by U Shwe Min, a member of UPDJC.
The report described that UPDJC could lay the policy regarding the explanation and structure of political discussion with a view to successfully ensure the continuing of political discussions after Union Peace Conference 21st Century Panlong 1st meeting, ToR for ethnic-wise, region-wise, subject-wise political discussions of national level, ToR for Supervisory Committee for national level discussions, confirmation of ToR for Secretaries and ToR for Work Committee and the commencing the national level political discussions as early as possible.
In Union Peace Conference 21st Panlong Second Meeting, with target to be able to discover the basic principles acceptable to all organizations, the headings for discussion on the basic principles of federal system in political sector, basic principles of federal economy in economic sector, basic principles of regional development, basic principles of resettlement, rehabilitation and social affairs in social sector and basic principles of land and environment basing on the federal system could be set.
With vision to secure the sustainable peace in accord with the principles laid by UPDJC, all inclusive ethnic-wise discussions including political discussions of Kayin nationals, Chin Nationals, Pa-O nationals and region-wise discussions of national level of Taninthayi Region, Bago Region, Shan State and subject-wise forum of civil societies were held successfully.
Two meetings of work committees formed sector-wise by UPDJC could have been held basing on the papers submitted by respective groups and 5 papers on land and environment sector, 2 papers on social sector, 8 papers on economic sector, 8 papers on political sector which were synthesized from views and opinions of ethnic-wise, region-wise national level meetings. Besides, coordination discussions were made and policy proposals were assessed and put forward to UPDJC.

State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi converses with an ethnic representative.  Photo: MNA
State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi converses with an ethnic representative.  Photo: MNA

After assessing the policy proposals submitted by sector-wise work committees, the final proposals were submitted by UPDJC to UPC- 21st Century Panglong 2nd meeting which was held between 24 and 29 of May 2017. After discussing step by step the policies submitted by UPDJC at the 6-day Conference, the 37 agreements on policies were signed as Union Agreement Part(1) at UPC-21st Century Panglong 2nd Meeting by the leaders of respective groups and witnesses.
From the time of establishment of UPDJC till today 11 regular meetings have been held and will strive to realize the duties and responsibilities including the supervising and guiding the stages of political discussions and specifying the frame regarding political discussion.
The paper reading had concluded with the pledge not to resort to armed conflict and employ political discussion in resolving the political issue for attaining the sustainable peace, to continue all inclusive political discussions, to bring about the federal system recognizing the diverse national character, literature, language, traditional culture and background history of the different ethnics.
Afterwards, Joint Ceasefire Monitoring Committee (JMC-U) Vice-Chairman civilian representative Saw Mathew Aye read the report on the development of the work.
In the report, it was stated that the works of the committee were being carried out in line with ToR of the different level of JMC, principles of ceasefire to be respected by both sides, military code of conduct and standard operating procedures. 16 SOPs had already been written till now.
The responsibilities of JMC were monitoring, confirming, managing the conflicts and enhancing the capacity. The person residing in the conflict area and acceptable to both sides are undertaking the monitoring works. The scrutinizing and confirming team led by civilian representative was formed to investigate the complaints and dispute put up by armed organizations or civilians in the conflict area whether there was any violation of JMC’s prescriptions. JMCs of different levels could have held 24 times of mass meeting and explained the process to 6000 attendants.
Besides, JMC could have appointed the staffs of technical support to expedite the works of JMC and the international professionals came and made discussions with the committee members and office staffs of JMC. Capacity building for committee members and office staffs were also undertaken successively by JMC. JMC members of different levels were also sent abroad for study regarding peace building.
The report ended with the statement that JMC has committed to implement the peace process to gain sustainable peace with determination and patience after entertaining the spirit of impartiality and transparency.
After the ceremony the President U Htin Kyaw, State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and party took the documentary photo with diplomats, ethnic armed organizations, representatives of JMC and UPDJC’ political parties, previous Union peace Working Committee, National Reconciliation and peace centre and witnesses, representatives of government, Hluttaw and Tatmadaw and businesspersons. —Myanmar News Agency

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