[dropcap color=”#81d742″ font=”0″]C[/dropcap]orruption is defined in the Collins Student Dictionary as “dishonesty and illegal behaviour,” whereas Transparency International, the global coalition against corruption, says it is ”the abuse of entrusted power for private gain. It hurts everyone who depends on the integrity of people in a position of authority.”
Corruption is universal, affecting all regions of the world and all levels of society. But the impact is greatest in developing countries. Most of the people of those areas are poor and uneducated, and personal greed is high among their countrymen, leading to the temptation to commit crimes involving easy money. This occurrence is mostly found in young and old people across Asia, Africa and South America. In those countries, bribe money passes hands in various ways involving government officials. This bribe money is called tea-money in Myanmar.
Bribery is sometimes even carried out in broad daylight in front of all people. It is being carried out knowingly by higher-rank officials sensing that their secret acts will not be found out and busted wide open before everybody’s eyes later on, whereby junior officials in the meantime enjoy that commom attitude taken by the top-level officials who later treated this malpractice of secret passing of bribes as a trifle matter of no significance at all. All top-level and lower-level officials fully understand it is wrong to stir up the still water for fear of starting a round of finger-pointing at each other by all the corrupt officials.
Corruption, if left unchecked, will undermine political, social and economic stability, finally threathening the safety and security of society as a whole. It is like a breeding ground for organized criminal activities, turning lesser criminal groups into larger terrorist groups, aided by the complexity of corrupt officials.
Economic globalization and the information technology have brought about and made corruption a borderless crime. The competitive world of international businesses is bound to leave many companies exposed to bribes and fraudulent financial practices, making police investigations difficult and incapable of successfully wiping out corruption.
In order to stop the disease of global corruption, it is necessary to utilize the combined efforts of Transparency International, Interpol and the member countries of the UN, working in unity, drawing on various resources from all participants, to coordinate working meetings between member countries in order to facilitate investications that cover more jurisdictions, with Corruption Response Teams rapidily deployed to targeted areas. Interpol should offer regional traning workshops to investigators and prosecutors, through the Interpol Global Pregramme and Anti-corruption, Financial Crimes and Asset Recovery.
The complexities of corruption require a multi-sector and cross-border response to work closely with a number of partners to fight corruption globally. Activities include promoting the exchange of information, establishing best practices and providing training to officers around the globe. To set up the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC), a framework is invaluable in the fight against corruption and serves as a guide to many initiatives.
Our international partners include, among others
– The World Bank
– The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crimes
– The US Department of State
– The United Nations Development Programme
– The Basel Institute on Governance
[quote font=”0″ font_style=”italic” color=”#000000″ bgcolor=”#dd3333″ bcolor=”#1e73be”]U Win Sein
Former Companies Registrar
The Ministry of Trade[/quote]