Political Climate of the World and Myanmar’s Foreign Policy


  • With hoisting the tri-color national flag of the Soviet Union after lowering the former national flag with a hammer and a sickle signs on, from the Kremlin Palace on the X-mas Day 25th December 1991, the Cold War had ceased, opening a new era in world history. Once in the past, there was a state of geopolitical tension between the Eastern Bloc and the Western Bloc, Communism and Capitalism and the Leftists and the Rightists. After the Second World War the Two Blocs made concerted efforts to organize countries in Asia and Africa Continents. Meanwhile, some countries failed to follow both Blocs, emerging as the Non-Aligned Nations to separately stand. With the increasing openness of market economy system in the later years of 20th century, the planned economic system under the control of centralism policy began to collapse. Concurrently, most countries were inclined towards the democratic system, as if pushing Leftism and Dictatorship to cease to exist.
    Fareed Zakaria, the American journalist named the world which entered 21st century, “Unipolar World.” Rivals of the Western Bloc led by US were left in 20th century history. Though US is the only axis of the present powers of the world in the political and military spheres, Fareed Zakaria asserted that division of power on the fronts of finance, education, social affairs, culture and etc. had remarkably changed. He has also said that dominances of China and India in Asia are becoming challenges which cannot be ignored by US.
    After 10 years to come, developments to be added to Fareed Zakaria’s views are coming into existence. People’s Republic of China is not any longer a nation which can only export toys, textiles and cellular phones to international markets, starting to threaten occupation of the leading role of the Western Bloc in the sphere of technology. No one denies PRC has reached the top on the totem pole of the global economy, today. Dollar currency, World Bank and IMF which govern the global monetary market began to look forward to the promising Yuan and the China-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB). Plus, One Belt and One Road Initiative is beginning to show new economic scenes.
    In this present world, a country cannot stand alone in the midst of the countries. Geographically, economically and religiously grouped communities as well as vested interests are respectively performing their common causes for their own sake. Myanmar is a country which still exercises its non-aligned foreign policy, based on 5 principles of peaceful co-existence, making efforts deeply and soberly to have friendly relations with all the global countries including neighboring powers. In making relations with international countries, Myanmar is trying its best to lift the national dignity and image, based on mutual trust between people and sovereign equality. Accordingly, we firmly believe that we will upgrade national dignity and image with our strength—the government, the people and Tatmataw.
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