Preparedness can reduce impact of disasters

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  • Myanmar is an earthquake-prone country due to its geographical location and weather conditions. It is crystal clear that if we do not ready ourselves to handle an earthquake, it may cause undue damage and casualties.
    Efforts are being made to disseminate knowledge on earthquake hazards among the people.
    Earthquake preparedness should be intensified in cities such as Nay Pyi Taw, Yangon, Mandalay and Bago, which all lie along the Sagaing Fault. Care and alertness is critically needed, especially in big cities.
    Quick response teams should be formed in the cities.
    It is difficult to say whether tremors will follow a strong earthquake. Tremors do not emanate from the same fault as an earthquake. Tremors come from other faults, so it is difficult to relate one to the other.
  • The Myanmar Earthquake committee made studies of the interior of the Kabaw Fault in concert with international experts.
    The Chauk Earthquake in August 2016 did not ruin buildings apart from the many religious pagodas and stupas, which are buildings of great importance. There used to be strong earthquakes in Myanmar about once in a century.
    The Myanmar Earthquake Committee assessed that a Bago earthquake is expected in about 80 to 100 years.
    To monitor earthquakes and alleviate earthquake-related danger, the Kabar-Aye Earthquake Observatory Centre was set up in 1961, the Mandalay centre in 1966, the Sittwe center in 1984 and the Dawei centre in 1985.
    After a big earthquake, there can be dangerous tremors, risk of fire and damages to dams, the possibility of volcano eruptions, landslides and tsunamis.
    As part of the preparedness, it is important to carry out earthquake drills for ensuring an immediate emergency response which includes creating a precise and strong system.
    The readiness for effective action, administrative management and prevention of earthquake hazards are as important as tackling the aftermath of an earthquake.
    These processes were related to protecting human life and property, and if the country suffered a disaster, effective connections and organizations would play a vital role.
    Effective response is needed for the implementation process. At the same time, we should not forget that the media also plays an important role in raising awareness of preparedness for earthquakes.
    The most important is that the ministries concerned are to join hands for preparedness to be able to reduce the impacts of the unpredictable disasters.
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