Report on Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Ministry of Health and Sports Myanmar

From (4-1-2020) to (5-3-2020)
(5-3-2020), 8: 15 pm

1. Situation update worldwide
(World Health Organization’s statement issued at 1:30 am (MST) on 5-3-2020))

Total affected countries – 77
Total cases – 93, 090
Total death toll – 3,198
Global death rate – 3.4%
Global cases/ death toll

    Since its beginning to so far  
Sr. Countries Confirmed cases Death toll
1 Republic of Korea 5,328 32
2 Italy 2,502 80
3 Iran 2,336 77
4 Japan 284 6
5 France 212 4
  Total 10,662 199

* The WHO announced that outbreak of disease has occurred in many countries in both imported cases and local transmission.
* 31 countries, territories or areas outside China with reported cases are:

Sr. Regions in the list of WHO Countries
1 Western Pacific Region Republic of Korea, Japan, Singapore, Australia, Malaysia, Viet Nam
2 European Region Italy, Germany, France, Spain, The United Kingdom, Croatia, San Marino, Norway, Netherlands, Switzerland, Greece, Finland, Denmark, Sweden, Israel, Romania.
3 South-East Asia Region Thailand, Indonesia.
4 Eastern Mediterranean Region Iran, United Arab Emirates, Lebanon.
5 Region of the Americas United States of America, Canada, Ecuador.
6 African Region Algeria.

Therefore, the WHO has changed the level of its risk assessment on COVID-19 transmission to “very high” in China, regional countries, and global countries.

2. According to the WHO-China Joint Mission Report on COVID-19 that surveyed a total of 55,924 patients from 16-2-2020 to 24-2-2020, the main signs and symptoms are:

Sr Signs and Symptoms Percentage
1 Fever 87.9
2 Dry Cough 67.7
3 Fatigue 38.1
4 Sputum production 33.4
5 Shortness of breath 18.6
6 Sore throat 13.9
7 Headache 13.6
8 Myalgia or Arthralgia 14.8
9 Chills 11.4
10 Nausea or Vomiting 5
11 Nasal Congestion 4.8
12 Diarrhea 3.7
13 Haemoptysis 0.9
14 Conjunctiva Congestion 0.8

ituation of signs and symptoms of COVID-19:
Mild to Moderate -80%
Severe – 13.8%
Critically ill – 6.1%

Eighty per cent of laboratory-confirmed cases outside China are from Republic of Korea, Iran and Italy.
At present, Myanmar is one of the 117 countries where no COVID-19 cases was found.

3. The differences between COVID-19 and seasonal influenza are:
– The signs and symptoms of COVID-19 is severer than seasonal influenza. There is vaccine for seasonal influenza, but no vaccine and medicine was found yet for COVID-19.

4. Situation in Myanmar (Until 4:00 pm on 5-3-2020)

  Laboratory Test  
Positive Result Negative Result Waiting for test Under Test Number of Patient
People under Investigation 52 1 2 55
Suspected cases 2   2
Total 54 1 2 57

5. There are a total of 57 people under investigation across Myanmar from 31-1-2020 to 5-3-2020: 20 in Yangon Region, 14 in Shan State, 10 in Mandalay Region and 13 in other Regions and States.
6. In preparation for COVID-19, the Ministry of Health and Sports is carrying out:
(a) monitoring persons (family members and health workers) who had close contacts with the patients and prevention and control measures against the disease at the hospitals and clinics
(b) identifying suspected cases, quarantining them and providing effective treatment
(c) giving instructions to the health workers to strictly follow preventive measures and make public awareness
(d) publishing situation reports about Myanmar and other countries in the state-owned newspapers and the Internet Website of the Ministry (www.mohs.gov.mm) and social media pages (https://www.facebook.com/ MinistryOfHealthAndSportsMyanmar) and (https://www.facebook.com/ MyanmarCDC) , with taking response to the fake news
(e) coordination with relevant government agencies to lessen socio-economic impacts resulted from COVID-19.
7. The followings are the medicines and medical equipment received from local/foreign organizations and donors until 5 March 2020;

Sr Names of Organizations Personal Protective Equipment N95

Mask

Surgical Mask Surgical Gown Hand Gel Protective goggles Non-

Contact

Thermometer

Ventilator Glove
1 World Health Organization 600 525 30,000 1,000 499 500     20,000
2 Myanmar Red Cross Society 2,500 5,100   1,857       6,000
3 Sea Lion Company 2,000                
4 Okka Thiri Company 1,000       225        
5 Zizawa Company             45    
6 Gold Lite Co., Ltd   2,000              
7 Eclion Global Group and other donors 3,300                
8 Yee Shin Company               5  
9 Valves Co., Ltd     2,000            
10 USAID 1,000 3,500 60,000   500       20,000
11 China             100    
12 INGOS     5,700   1,195 500     320
13 INGO 2,000 1,600 10,350   1,900 20     500
  Total 12,400 7,625 113,150 1,000 6,176 1,020 145 5 46,820
9 Valves Co., Ltd     2,000            
10 USAID 1,000 3,500 60,000   500       20,000
                     
11 China             100    
12 INGOS     5,700   1,195 500     320
13 INGO 2,000 1,600 10,350   1,900 20     500
  Total 12,400 7,625 113,150 1,000 6,176 1,020 145 5 46,820

Ministry of Health and Sports expressed gratitude to the local and foreign organizations for donating necessary medicines and medical equipment. In preparation for COVID-19 outbreak, the ministry is purchasing and distributing ventilators.
8. Although Myanmar has not found any COVID-19 patient so far,
– COVID-19 is spreading not only in China but also in Singapore, Republic of Korea, Italy, and Iran at high level.
– The chances of the travellers from the countries coming to Myanmar by flights, or through border crossings from other countries are high.
– The ministry is increasing surveillance in upward momentum at the international airports.
– The ministry is also closely monitoring the hotels, guest houses and houses where the foreign travellers will reside.
-Local transmission was found in some countries where new cases occurred despite no close contacts with COVID-19 patients or no previous visit to the countries with the outbreak of disease.
– In the crowd, people can be infected with the virus from COVID-19 patients and asymptomatic carriers.
9. It is also possible that some cases could be found immediately, the people and social organizations are suggested:
(a) to avoid crowded area and festivals as much as possible
(b) to organize only unavoidable public event
(c) to restrict the number of attendees to those events where strictly measures must be posed to prevent the audience with fever or respiratory disease while following advise of the Ministry of Health and Sports.
9. The outbreak of COVID-19 could immediately occur in Myanmar, therefore, the people and social organizations should:
(a) avoid public gatherings and festivals.
(b) only organize the public gatherings and festivals that cannot be postponed.
(c) arrange soaps and water, or hand sanitizers at the public gatherings and festivals.
(d) announce the information about COVID-19 for about five minutes before the events begin.
(e) strictly manage only a few people come to events and sick persons not to come to the events; strictly follow the health announcements issued by the Ministry of Health and Sports.—MOHS (Translated by Kyaw Zin Tun)

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