The Second Pyithu Hluttaw’s ninth regular session held its ninth-day meeting at the Pyithu Hluttaw meeting hall yesterday morning. At the meeting, asterisk-marked questions were answered by Deputy Minister for Education U Win Maw Tun and Deputy Minister for Construction U Kyaw Lin. Also at the meeting, a motion was tabled and a report read.
Questions and answers
During the asterisk-marked question session, U Myint Oo of Thanatpin constituency first raised a question on plans to open an AGTI (Associate Government Technical Institute) and a Teachers’ Training College in Bago. Deputy Minister for Education U Win Maw Tun said the Ministry of Education is coordinating among its departments on opening an AGTI in Bago, if land is available.
If land is obtained at the Department of Higher Education, Bago University, for the AGTI (Bago) plan, budget allocation for the building, furniture and teaching aids will be included in fiscal year 2018-2019 and implemented when the budget is obtained, said the Deputy Minister.
As for teachers’ training, education colleges were already opened in Taungoo and Pyay cities, in Bago Region, where D.T.Ed. (Diploma in Teacher Education) and PPTT (Pre-Service Primary Teacher Training) courses were conducted, producing about 300 D.T.Ed. teachers and 600 PPTT teachers (annually). Furthermore, teacher to student ratio in Bago Region is from 1:24 to 1:19 in primary level, showing that sufficient number of teachers was already employed in Bago Region. Therefore, there is no plan at the moment to open a teachers training college in Bago, said the Deputy Minister.
Replying to a question raised by U Aung Kyaw Oo of Mongton constituency on the reason for the seemingly sudden plan to change question formats in the matriculation examination during 2018-2019 academic year and whether it would be more appropriate to first change the question format in grade ten this education year, Deputy Minister for Education U Win Maw Tun replied that the main aim of changing the question format is to promote critical thinking over rote learning.
But more importantly, the question formats are not changed entirely, as there’ll be questions in rote learning format as well as in meaningful learning formats, only with the exception that there’ll be more questions on meaningful learning formats. The questions will cover the entire syllabus with questions balanced in easy, moderate and difficult levels so students who had covered the entire syllabus wouldn’t find much difficulty in sitting the examination, said the Deputy Minister.
Furthermore, the new question formats are being published in state-owned media and internet websites of Ministry of Information and Ministry of Education for students to study, while trainings, talks and discussions with high school teachers were conducted for new question formats, explained the Deputy Minister.
Questions raised by U Saw Thalay Saw of Shwegyin constituency, U Sein Aung of Paletwa constituency, Daw Nan Moe of Mongton constituency, U Min Thein of Taungdwingyi constituency, U Kyaw Myint of Taikkyi constituency, U Nyunt Aung of Monywa constituency, U Khin Maung Myint of Yaksawk constituency, U Yan Kyin Kan of Kunlong constituency, Daw Thandar of Einme constituency and Daw Khin Saw Wai of Yathedaung constituency were also answered by Deputy Ministers U Win Maw Tun and U Kyaw Lin.
Motion urging the government to provide research grants to researchers
Next, Dr. Hla Moe of Aungmyaythazan constituency tabled a motion urging the government to increase the development momentum of Myanmar education by establishing a good research environment and providing research grants to researchers.
After the Hluttaw decided to discuss the motion, Pyithu Hluttaw Speaker announced for Hluttaw representatives who want to discuss the motion to enroll their names.
Bill committee report on literature and art copyright bill
Afterwards, Pyithu Hluttaw Speaker informed the Hluttaw of the receipt of Literature and Art Copyright Bill, approved and sent with amendments by the Amyotha Hluttaw.
The Bill Committee report on the bill was then read and submitted by a Bill Committee member, after which the Pyithu Hluttaw Speaker announced for Hluttaw representatives who want to table an amendment motion to enroll their names.
The Second Pyithu Hluttaw’s ninth regular session will hold its tenth-day meeting on 17 August, it is learnt.
By Aye Aye Thant (MNA)