Monsoon benefits Myanmar for about five months per year. The areas in lower Myanmar gain a larger volume of rainfall than those in upper Myanmar. Many rainfalls create chances for local farmers to cultivate paddy and other rain-fed crops starting from late May when the monsoon has already entered Myanmar.
In monsoon, vast paddy fields are filled with rainwater. It can be said that the monsoon gives the greatest opportunities to Myanmar farmers. It is because they can utilize such a volume of rainwater for their interests.
Farmers in India were engaged in operating the fishing works in the paddy fields some 1,500 years ago. They released fingerlings into the paddy fields as an extra job for earning surplus incomes for their families. Farmers can capture fish from the paddy farms while nurturing the paddy plants. Before harvesting, they can capture some 50 visses of fish in various species.
In Myanmar, farmers can manage the paddy plus fish farming works at the same time to support the rural economy. Indeed, the paddy plus fish farming business is not strange among the ASEAN countries. Currently, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Laos and the Philippines as well as China and India are engaging in breeding fish in the paddy fields on a commercial scale.
To have a wider knowledge, farmers may join the techniques for operating the paddy plus fish farming process at the Rice-Fish Culture Demonstration Farms in Laydauntkan of Yangon Region, Okpo in Bago Region, Talokhla/Pathwe in Ayeyawady Region, Thaton in Mon State, Yezin/Kume in Mandalay Region and YeU in Sagaing Region.
Moreover, fishing camps in regions and states are ready to provide fingerlings and hatchlings of golden sturgeon, tilapia, dace and catfish to the farmers wishing to do the paddy plus fish farming works. Moreover, they can take techniques and expertise for the farming from the branches of the Department of Fisheries for their smooth working process.
All the people can consume rice and fish as main dishes for their daily meals. It is enough for all. As such, strenuous efforts of local farmers will much contribute to food sufficiency for the nation while saving costs as well as earning increased income for families.
Paddy grown on the farms, as usual, is a primary staple food for most of the people residing in Myanmar. So also, freshwater fish bred in the paddy fields is nutritious and the most suitable for all consumers. All the people can consume rice and fish as main dishes for their daily meals. It is enough for all. As such, strenuous efforts of local farmers will much contribute to food sufficiency for the nation while saving costs as well as earning increased income for families.