Support population and household census enumeration process


The Population and Household Census, scheduled from 1 to 15 October 2024, aims to create opportunities for citizens and reflect their interests. This census will play a crucial role in compiling an accurate voter list, essential for conducting a free and fair multiparty democratic general election.
Beyond electoral purposes, the census will significantly contribute to the nation’s reform process, developmental projects, and the implementation of good governance. Accurate census data is foundational for any government to adopt essential policies in the political, economic, social, and public administration sectors.
In 2014, with the assistance of the United Nations Population Fund, a comprehensive census was conducted from 30 March to 10 April, covering over 12 million households and enumerating a total population of 51,486,253. An interim census in 2019 covered 71 districts across 15 regions and states, including the Nay Pyi Taw Council Area, recording a population of 51,144,607.
Census-taking in Myanmar has historical roots dating back to the monarchical era, with the first recorded census in 999 Myanmar Era and another on 15 August 1872. Since then, the practice evolved to occur every ten years. In 1953, a phased approach was adopted, starting with 252 towns, followed by 2,143 village-tracts in 1954. From 1991 onwards, sample census plots were selected every five years, with population figures released annually on 1 October.
For the 2024 census, data will be collected from diverse establishments such as homes for the aged, orphanages, monasteries, jails, boarding schools, and hospitals. Preliminary reports are expected in December 2024, with detailed region/state reports to follow in 2025. This enumeration will utilize computer-assisted personal interviews conducted through mobile tablets to enhance accuracy and efficiency.
The 2024 census enumeration process aims to collect accurate population and socioeconomic data in time, draw policies, projects, strategies and tactics for social, economic and management measures by conducting research on population and socioeconomic changes between 2014 and 2024, compile the necessary index in implementing the sustainable and harmonious development projects, developing national statistic system of Myanmar to contribute to national strategy and supporting the correct voter list for successfully holding a free and fair multiparty democratic general election the entire people aspire to.
Public participation in enumerating the census is of great importance to obtain the correct and accurate data. Hence, departmental personnel have to serve the duties of the census-taking process through collaborative efforts for the sake of the nation, whereas people need to reply to the census questions for the emergence of a reliable population and household census.

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