Water shortages must be addressed in hot season

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[dropcap font=”0″]S[/dropcap]ummer season in Myanmar lasts from March to May, while April is the hottest month of the year, with daytime temperatures in the central areas normally peaking at above 40 degrees Celsius.
In arid zones, water shortages still need to be addressed. Many people in those areas are suffering the harmful effects of extreme heat. More than four thousand villages face water scarcity during the hot summer months in Mandalay region alone.
Hot weather also dries up drinking water ponds in many villages, forcing villagers to dig wells for water. Extreme day temperatures can also increase the risk of flu, skin allergies and other illnesses.
When the body’s temperature control system is overloaded due to hot weather, people suffer heat-related illness. Normally, the body cools itself by sweat. Under some conditions, sweating is not enough to cool down the body. In such cases, a person’s body temperature rises rapidly. Excess body temperatures can damage the brain or other vital organs. Labourers and vendors are most at risk from heat-related illnesses, in some cases dying from them. They cannot afford to follow the suggestion of the authorities and experts to stay indoors in the daytime.
Electricity shortages are another problem Myanmar experiences in hot season. Lower water levels in dams and reservoirs impact the country’s productivity.
As the economy of Myanmar is largely reliant on water resource, sufficient supply of water is fundamental for the country.

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