- By Maung Mye Moe
The Ministry of Education has designated a week( from 25 to 31 May) of school enrolments for 2018-2019 academic year as a national campaign. In carrying out that aspect, all stakeholders—the Ministry, headmasters, teachers and educational staff—and students and their parents are not only included but also responsible on their parts.
In the Global Educational Monitoring Report, 2017 issued by the UNESCO,” Education is a collective responsibility for all stakeholders.” Described in the introduction of the Report. The important thing in the education sector is to enroll all children of school age in their respective schools: for them to keep on pursuing their studies and no dropouts and to get quality education. The Ministry of Education has undertaken the task of carrying out the National Educational Strategy(2016-2021) for letting all children of school age to pursue their studies of quality education.
Responsibilities of the Ministry
The Ministry of Education has provided textbooks, exercise books, school stationery and teaching aids free of charge to all schools across the country in order to raise the standards of free primary, middle and high schools. In addition, extension of basic schools and upgrading of existing schools are carried out in consultation with local authorities, according to the mutually agreed principles. In doing so, over-five –old school children of primary education increased to 95.10% during 2015-2016 academic year; 96.92% in 2016-2017; 97.39% during 2017-2018 respectively.
Mobile schools are arranged for the school age children of strife refugees with the appointments of more teachers; more schools are built for children with special educational needs in the far-flung areas and at the same time they are awarded with stipends in order to continue their studies. In the level of Basic Education such as KG plus 12, new curricula are drawn according to the new education system and new textbooks and teaching aids are provided free of charge.
Accordingly, the appointments of more teachers and provisions of benches , classrooms and teaching aids , libraries, labs, school furniture and toilets are added in accord with their requirements. Urgent needs are fulfilled for school children to get new textbooks into their hands.
Responsibilities of educational staff
They are warned beforehand not to accept cask or kind from the parents in any way; school enrollments of children aged five to a kindergarten; children aged six are allowed to attend Grade-1. Arrangements are also made for school enrollments of those children without birth or household certificates. In addition putting more emphasis on reading, writing and arithmetic of the first, second and third graders of the primary schools. In cooperation with the parents, students are made to get involved in learning processes so that there would not be any middle or high school dropouts.
Responsibilities of the Students
As teachers are scheduled to be in their classes regularly according to their timetables, students will have to come their class not only for learning lessons but also for cooperation, accountability and innovation so that these institutions are deemed as creative places from which future leaders are born.
Responsibilities of the Parents
The Ministry, headmasters and teachers are deemed to be responsible and accountable. Parents too are also responsible for sending their children to school, doing their homework, passing their exams and producing outstanding students in cooperation with educational staff. In order to get students imbued with a strong social conscience, they should be encouraged by their parents to get involved in cleaning and development works of their school. Furthermore, parents are urged to take part in all activities of Parent- Teacher Association in order to help schools in different ways.
A balance between tasks and responsibilities
Enrollments of children of school age with a week are aimed at producing outstanding students for the country in the future. To create a bright future for the development of our country, pursuing further higher education and no school dropouts are indeed really necessary. Every school is like a garden where different kinds of plants and flowers are grown beautifully. In order to keep plants flourish in a garden, good climate and fertile soils are necessary; in the same way to keep schools clean and produce outstanding students, both educational staff and parents are responsible and accountable.
By struggling the balance between them and shouldering the responsibility on teachers, students and parents will surely lead to a modernized and developed country of Myanmar, improving the image of our country in the international community.
That is why starting from this week of school enrolments, let us try to raise high standards of education of our country in a great balancing and responsible manner.
Translated by Arakan Sein