- By Min Min (Dawei)
A Positive impact on wildlife populations
People can also have a positive impact on wildlife populations through improvement and protection of habitat or ecosystems. The planting of trees, shrubs and wildlife food plots, in the appropriate locations is one way landowners can improve wildlife habitat. As for people, they can be able protect ponds, streams, rivers and wetlands from sedimentation by reducing soil erosion on lands surrounding these aquatic ecosystems. There are many things people can do to improve habitat for wildlife.There is a number of natural resource management agencies which can help people enhance and protect wildlife habitat.
Wildlife and ecosystem
Wildlife can be found in all ecosystems. Deserts, forests, rain forests, plains, grasslands and other areas including the most developed urban areas, all have distinct forms of wildlife. While the term in popular culture usually refers to animals that are untouched by human factors, most scientists agree that much wildlife is affected by human activities these days.
Impact of wildlife on the environment
It is evident that wildlife has a considerable impact on the environment and man has indirectly altered some of the many links which associate animals with the environment. Food chains are an essential link, for they associate animals to plants and to other animals. But food chains can determine the equilibrium of populations in their habitat.
The habitat of any given species is considered its preferred area or territory. Many processes associated with human habitation of an area cause loss of this area and decrease the carrying capacity of the land for that species. In many cases these changes in land use cause a patchy break-up of the wild landscape. Agricultural land frequently displays this type of extremely fragmented habitat. Farms sprawl across the landscape with patches of uncleared woodland or forest dotted in-between occasional paddocks.
World Wildlife Day
On 20 December 2013, at its 68th session, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) decided to proclaim 3 March, the day of the adoption of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), as World Wildlife Day.
World Wildlife Day has now become the most important global event dedicated to wildlife and the World Wildlife Day will be celebrated in 2018 under the theme “Big cats: predators under threat”.
Big cats are widely recognized and admired animals across the globe, however, today these charismatic predators are facing many and varied threats, which are mostly caused by human activities. More their populations are declining at a disturbing rate due to loss of habitat and prey, conflicts with people, poaching and illegal trade.
In an effort to reach as wide an audience as possible, the expanded definition of big cats is being used, which includes not only lion, tiger, leopard and jaguar — the 4 largest wild cats that can roar – but also cheetah, snow leopard, puma, clouded leopard, etc. Big cat species are found in Africa, Asia, and North, Central and South America, representing a virtually global distribution, and representations of big cats, such as for car logos, by sporting clubs and the fashion industry, are used globally.
Number of tiger and wildlife species in Hugaung Tiger Reserve
Myanmar is also home to some of Southeast Asia’s most extensive coastal and marine ecosystems, which include coral reefs, mangroves and sea grass beds.
Awareness campaigns concerning wildlife conservation activities are being made for inclusive public participation.Priority actions for conservation in the short term are the establishment of protected areas, a monitoring programme, reduction in the killing of tiger prey species, and suppressing illegal hunting.
According to the GTI statistics, there are currently about 3,200 wild tigers left in the world and the forests of Myanmar still has about 150 tigers.
Myanmar and Wildlife Protection
The killing and smuggling of animals is undermining economies and ecosystems, fuelling organized crime and feeding corruption and insecurity across the globe. Actions should be taken to protect resources and ecosystems, ensuring sustainable development for future generations which can save the environment and biodiversity.
Environmental issues ought to be embedded in our development policies aims to raise public awareness of the need to preserve the environment, to understand environmental issues and challenges and highlight awareness of the illegal wildlife trade.
As part of the country’s efforts to promote sustainable development, including the protection and preservation of wildlife, Myanmar formulates a national environmental policy, strategic framework and a master plan in collaboration with the UNDP; a national climate change strategy and action plan with UNEP, UN-Habitat and the EU; a green economy policy and strategic framework with the World Wildlife Fund; National and city-level waste management strategies and action plans with UNEP and the Institute for Global Environmental Strategy; and a hazardous waste management master plan with the National Environmental Agency of Norway.
Efforts are being made to step up the country’s national strategies, urging the people to understand how to preserve the endangered animals.
It is important to make more awareness among the public to combat illicit trading of wildlife and endangered species of plants. Effective enforcement should be made to establish more wildlife sanctuaries in the country. The concerned
All the bodies including the governments, non-governmental organizations, the business community and all the citizens are essential to participate in the implementation process to be successful.
Translated by Win Ko Ko Aung