Clean environment: Waste reduction, Reuse, and Recycling

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Efforts to reduce waste, promote reuse, and encourage recycling in society play a pivotal role in conserving the natural environment and curbing pollution. The utilization of waste not only minimizes the demand for new raw materials but also conserves energy, money, and precious natural resources.
A significant portion of the energy and resources are derived from fossil fuels like coal, oil, and natural gas, which, when used, release harmful emissions into the atmosphere, leading to air pollution. In response to this environmental challenge, countries worldwide are striving to diminish their reliance on fossil fuels.
Currently, the mantra of “reduce, reuse, and recycle” stands as a cornerstone for the well-being of our planet, enhancing environmental stewardship. Every year, millions of tons of waste are generated globally, with a staggering 33 per cent of it being disposed of improperly. This inadequate waste management results in soil contamination and air pollution due to the incineration of waste. While population growth does contribute to this issue, it is also exacerbated by mismanagement by certain governments, inviting environmental problems.
Data from surveys reveals that the global community generates a staggering 2.12 billion tonnes of waste annually, with approximately 2.5 million tonnes of plastic waste ending up in our oceans. The practice of reusing materials remains underutilized, even though it offers a sustainable solution.
For instance, glassware, a durable alternative to disposable plastic, can serve long-term purposes while maintaining its quality. Reusing a glass bottle can conserve energy equivalent to powering a 100-watt bulb for four hours, operating a computer for 30 minutes, or watching a TV for 20 minutes. Furthermore, recycling just one ton of newspaper can save 17 trees from being felled, making old newspapers and magazines ideal for reuse in our society.
Among the nations that champion effective waste management, Germany leads the way. Since 2016, Germany has consistently ranked as the world’s top country in waste reuse, with a remarkable 56.10 per cent of waste being recycled in 2020. Germany’s commitment to waste reduction has lightened the global burden of waste disposal. Austria follows closely behind, reusing 53.80 per cent of its waste, with South Korea not far behind at 53.70 per cent.
On the other hand, reports indicate that Turkiye and Chile recycle a mere one per cent of their waste. Therefore, it is crucial for the people of Myanmar to prioritize the principles of reducing, reusing, and recycling waste within their households to contribute to the creation of a clean environment.

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