Black gram price dips amid sluggish demand

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Pulses and beans put on display at the commodity depot.

The prices of black gram plunged to K3.07 million per tonne in domestic market at present as the demand slowed down.
The price hit a new peak of K3.5 million per tonne of black gram on 5 February and dropped to K3.07 million for black gram on 22 February, indicating a sharp drop of K430,000 for black gram.
Myanmar’s black gram price is closely tied to the demand by main buyer India. India also imports the urad from Brazil and other countries. Yet, they prefer Myanmar’s black gram on account of better quality and increased availability of supply. India extended the free import policy of black gram (urad) and pigeon pea (tur) up to March 2025.
Additionally, India’s pulses output dropped more than expected due to erratic weather in India, prompting them to import a large quantity from abroad. India was reportedly to bring in 400,000 tonnes of pigeon pea (tur) and 1 million tonnes of black gram (urad) from Myanmar in two months (Jan-Feb) 2024, citing reports by foreign news agencies.
Myanmar conveyed over 1.3 million tonnes of various pulses worth US$1.123 billion in the past ten months of the current financial year 2023-2024 beginning 1 April, the Ministry of Commerce stated.
Myanmar mainly exports black gram, green gram and pigeon peas to foreign markets. Of them, black gram and pigeon peas are primarily shipped to India while green grams are exported to China and Europe.
India has growing consumption requirements on black gram and pigeon pea. According to a Memorandum of Understanding between Myanmar and India signed on 18 June 2021, India will import 250,000 tonnes of black gram and 100,000 tonnes of pigeon peas (tur) from Myanmar for five consecutive years from 2021-2022 financial year to 2025-2026 FY. This G to G pact will not affect the pulses annual quota set by India. Myanmar’s exporters are also entitled to deliver the pulses to India under that annual quota.
Black gram that India primarily purchases is commonly found only in Myanmar, whereas pigeon pea, green gram and chickpeas are grown in African countries and Australia, Myanmar Pulses, Beans, Maize and Sesame Seeds Merchants Association stated. — NN/EM


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