Nowadays, the land of Myanmar is facing deforestation in some areas based on climate change, extreme extraction of timber, illegal timber extraction, expansion of agricultural lands, an extension of new satellite towns and high demand for firewood and charcoal by local people. Areas of damaged forest across the nation amounted to 1.7 per cent on a yearly basis, leaving environmental degradation and climate change to the people.
With regard to deforestation, each family in an urban area uses 1.4 tonnes of firewood and charcoal per year and those from the rural area, 2.5 tonnes per year. As such, it is necessary to provide 18.95 million cubic tonnes of firewood and charcoal to the people per year.
Hence, the government is striving for mitigating the fuel requirements of the people with the distribution of efficient stoves and use of agricultural waste as well as the establishment of firewood plantations.
Moreover, the national forestry master plan is being implemented starting from 2001 till 2030, including the sector of setting up 1.35 million acres of village firewood plantations and 2.27 million acres of community-owned forests which can give necessary forest products to the local people. To do so, all regions and states except Yangon Region have enacted the village firewood plantation laws. The Department of Forest initially establishes village firewood plantations with the State budget and hands over the plantations to relevant village supervisory committees.
Whatever it may be, village firewood plantations will benefit the local people by using firewood for the daily life of the local people and green the environment. As these plantations give firewood and raw materials for making charcoal to local people, it will help prevent environmental degradation and regional development.
A favourable climate is based on the proper movements of participants in the environment. Living beings and forests must be placed in proper interrelations for creating a good ecosystem. Therefore, both kinds of participants in the environment are responsible for the conservation of environments with prevention of deforestation, efforts to reforest and growing of new forest plantations.
Therefore, both kinds of participants in the environment are responsible for the conservation of environments with prevention of deforestation, efforts to reforest and growing of new forest plantations.
Forests must be beneficial for living beings including humans. Reciprocally, living beings including humans should contribute much toward thriving forests in the long run.