Myanmar, home to two endangered tiger species out of six

Tigers are listed in the endangered species. There are currently six types of tiger still remaining whereas two of them are found in Myanmar. The two types of beast existence promote the concerted efforts of wildlife conservation activities of the countries.

Tigers are one of the most beautiful beasts in the world, they have orange and black stripes and beautiful white coat with black stripes. There are 9 different types of tigers around the world: Capasian tiger, Javan tiger and Bali tiger which were extinct, while the remaining six species living in 13 countries- Bangladesh, Bhutan, Indonesia, Cambodia, Russia, China, India, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand and Viet Nam.

The Bengal tigers are currently residing in Myanmar’s largest tiger conservation areas : Hukaung Valley tiger reserve and Htamathi Wildlife Sanctuary. The Sumatran tigers are found in Taninthayi Region, the lower part of Myanmar.

The Siberian tiger is considered to be the largest tiger living in eastern Russia’s birch forests. The Siberian tiger is weighed between over 600lb and 700lb. The second largest tigers are found in India, Myanmar, Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan weighing between over 400lb and 600lb. The third largest one is Indo-China tiger specie weighing between over 300lb and 400lb. South-China tigers are living in middle and east of the country and they are over 280lb and 300lb. The Sumatran tigers are found on island of Sumatra and they are over 260lb. Malayan tigers are found in the tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests of the southern tip of Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia. They are between 104lb and 285lb.

There were about 100,000 tigers in the world about 100years ago. Over 1,000 tigers were killed and there were only 3,600 tigers in 2010. The tiger population might keep falling in 2023, according to the survey. Russian President Valdimir Putin and World Bank President Mr Robert Zoellick organized International Tiger Conservation Forum in Russia.

According to the survey of natural environment and wildlife conservation society, six types of tiger are living in 13 countries of Asia, there are 355-500 tigers in Bangladesh while 70-80tigers in Bhutan, 10-50tigers in Cambodia, 85-96tigers in China, 368-556tigers in India, 7-23 tigers in Laos, 500tigers in Malaysia, 35-70tigers in Myanmar, 121tigers in Nepal, 300tigers in Russia, 200-250tigers in Thailand and 50-150tigers in Viet Nam.

The cameras are installed in Htamathi Wildlife Sanctuary to conduct survey of world rarest specie- Bengal tigers yearly.

U Win Hlaing, a sanctuary warden said “Myanmar boasts Bengal tiger in upper part and Indo-China tiger in lower part out of six tiger species. The camera traps capture about 20 tigers in Htamathi. They might be in Hukaung Valley and also Naga hills. There are certain areas in which we cannot conduct survey. We should all cooperate to conserve them as a national task as the tiger population declines. If the experts and locals watch them together, we can know the existence of two tiger species in Myanmar more.”

Over 100 big cats are killed in the world every year, and over half of the global population of tigers are found in India. Myanmar is home to two tiger species: Bengal tiger and Indo-China tiger out of six species. –Nyein Thu(MNA)/KTZH

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