Pigeon pea price reaches all-time high amid strong foreign demand

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Myanmar’s pigeon peas are primarily shipped to India and also exported to Singapore, the US, Canada, Pakistan, the UK, and Malaysia. But, the export volume to other countries rather than to India is extremely small.

The price of pigeon peas hit a new record of over K3 million per tonne, according to the Yangon Region Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Bayintnaung).
The prices stood at K2.445 million per tonne on 2 May and then, it rocketed to K3.05 million per tonne on 3 June. The figures showed a sharp rise of K605,000 per tonne of pigeon peas within a month. The prevailing price is at an all-time high in history.
Additionally, the price of black gram was around K2,320,000 per tonne in the domestic market.
Strong foreign demand drove the prices of black gram and pigeon peas in the market.
Strong foreign drove the prices up. India forecast Myanmar’s black gram output is estimated at 650,000 tonnes. This year, the yield rate dropped by half owing to a reduction in sowing acres and threats of invasive pests, the growers said.
As a result of this, Myanmar Pulses, Beans and Sesame Seeds Merchants Association notified on 12 May 2023 that growers should primarily cultivate green grams and pigeon peas during this year’s pulses season.
There is a strong market share of black grams and pigeon peas in India. Most of the growers also select them as main crops.
India notified that the free import policy of black grams (urad) and pigeon peas (tur) extended up to March 2024, bringing more benefits to the stockholders in the supply chain including growers and exporters. This is why they should be selected as the main crops this year, the association mentioned.
Myanmar bagged over US$1.4 billion from over 1.9 million tonnes of various pulses exports in the past financial year 2022-2023, the Ministry of Commerce’s statistics indicated.
Myanmar primarily exports black grams, green grams and pigeon peas to foreign markets. Of them, black grams and pigeon peas are mostly conveyed to India while green grams are shipped to China and Europe.
India has growing demand and consumption requirements for black grams and pigeon peas. According to a Memorandum of Understanding between Myanmar and India signed on 18 June 2021, India will import 250,000 tonnes of black grams and 100,000 tonnes of pigeon peas (tur) from Myanmar for five consecutive years from 2021-2022 financial year to 2025-2026 FY. This G-to-G pact will not affect the pulses’ annual quota set by India. Myanmar’s exporters are also entitled to deliver the pulses to India under that annual quota.
Myanmar yearly produces approximately 400,000 tonnes of black grams and about 50,000 tonnes of pigeon peas.
Black grams that India primarily purchases are commonly found only in Myanmar, whereas pigeon peas, green grams and chickpeas are grown in African countries and Australia, stated Myanmar Pulses, Beans, Maize and Sesame Seeds Merchants Association. — NN/EM

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