Vice-Chairman of the State Administration Council Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services Commander-in-Chief (Army) Vice-Senior General Soe Win, who chairs the National Natural Disaster Management Committee, delivered an address at the meeting 1/2021 of the Committee, at the hall of the Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement in Nay Pyi Taw yesterday afternoon.
Speaking on the occasion, the Vice-Senior General said the National Natural Disaster Management Committee was reconstituted with 43 members under the notification (10/2021) of the State Administration Council. Events of natural disasters happen across the world every year. Such events were triggered by impacts of global warming, extreme logging of trees, deforestation and forest fires.
In observing outbreaks of natural disasters, the report of the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) stated that four categories were set as a criterion of the disaster which killed more than ten people, one more criterion which affected more than 100 people or the disasters which stipulated the government to declare the area of State level natural disaster, and the disaster in which the government sought the international aid. As the disasters which met at least one criterion were recorded, the globe experienced more than 300 disasters within ten years from 2011 to 2020. In this regard, some 15,000 persons were dead in the disasters per year, and more than 164 million people were affected by disasters per year. During the period, more than US$170 billion lost in the events per year.
Myanmar experienced natural disasters based on natural situations within ten years from 2000 to 2010, with 23 per cent for the outbreak of fire, 11 per cent for flooding, 12 per cent for storms and four per cent for earthquakes, tsunamis and landslides. Yearly, nine kinds of natural disasters, namely storms, tidal waves, flooding, landslides, earthquakes, tsunamis, droughts, fire outbreaks and forest fires, fall in Myanmar.
In this regard, the National Natural Disaster Management Committee needs to solve three parts of the issue. The first part is to make preparations, the second to carry out immediate rescue works and the third part to undertake rehabilitation in addition to take preventive measures, preparedness, searching and rescue and rehabilitation. All must overcome challenges of natural disasters, man-made dangers and the danger based on policies and laws as much as possible.
The chairpersons of the region and state administration councils need to lead the process of solving the natural disaster problems immediately.
As monsoon falls, anyone cannot say storm and flooding will not happen in the country. Relevant region and state administration councils are firstly responsible for solving the problems whenever natural disasters fall. The chairpersons of the region and state administration councils need to lead the process of solving the natural disaster problems immediately. To so do, the Vice-Senior General reminded the participants to solve issues related to the natural disaster management in accord with the facts involved in the permanent order of natural disaster issued in 2009, arrangements to be made by relevant ministries and pieces of evidence related to natural disaster management distributed to regions and states.
Moreover, local people from affected areas may face losses in natural disasters. Hence, relevant region and state administration councils need to make preparedness as monsoon falls. The Tatmadaw has formed rescue teams to assist the government in 2016 if natural disasters fall. Moreover, the Tatmadaw prepares to carry out the formation, training and rescue in line with the work plan.
The Tatmadaw has much experience related to natural disasters. Those attending the meeting cooperate in the tasks how to overcome natural disasters by studying the handbooks based on experiences in cyclonic storm Nargis in 2008, flooding in Kalay area of Sagaing Region in 2015, storms and other natural disasters, 2013 management law and 2015 management rules.
In conclusion, the Vice-Senior General noted that the government, ministries, and the Tatmadaw must join hands in overcoming natural disasters in accord with the motto: all survivors must be alive.
Vice-Chairmen of the committee Union Minister for Home Affairs Lt-Gen Soe Htut and Union Minister Dr Thet Thet Khine reported on preparations of work committee led by respective ministries for prevention of natural disasters, mitigation, response, rescue and cooperation, timely completion of construction tasks and allotment of the funds.
Union ministers discussed preparations of the Tatmadaw to participate in rescue in the natural disasters, work processes for solving the problems of natural disasters, border region development in disaster-hit areas, allotment of emergency funds to relevant ministries and regions and states, cooperation with the international community and regional countries to seek assistance from international organizations, storage of rice reserve, and prevention, mitigation and response to natural disasters in any areas.
Afterwards, the Vice-Senior General said it is necessary to apply the natural disasters law, rules, and orders to overcome natural disasters on time at the national level. He stressed the need to mobilize the people to participate in the rehearsals managed by departments concerned, military and civilian officials in line with the work plan. Relevant ministries must cooperate with each other in making preparedness for natural disasters. Advanced training must be given to State service personnel. Preparations must be made for providing emergency aid to affected regions and states.—MNA