Unitedly overcoming high temperature challenges in summer


Summer in Myanmar brings dry and sweltering conditions, particularly during the period from March to May, which stands out as the hottest among the three seasons: monsoon, winter, and summer. However, this year’s summer presents unique challenges due to the potential for unusually high temperatures triggered by El Nino.
The moderate El Nino process anticipated this year could lead to progressively higher temperatures. In response, the Department of Meteorology and Hydrology has issued a warning regarding the El Nino phenomenon. Daytime temperatures are expected to soar 1.5°C above the normal April averages in regions such as Nay Pyi Taw, Sagaing, Mandalay, Magway, Bago, Yangon, Taninthayi, as well as in Shan, Rakhine, Kayah, Kayin, and Mon States. In contrast, Ayeyawady Region and Kachin and Chin States are projected to experience temperatures closer to the April average.
Given the potential for extreme heat, individuals must take extra precautions during this period. Temperatures exceeding 104°F (40°C) pose significant risks to health and well-being. The impacts of El Nino can exacerbate these dangers, affecting not only the environment but also the body temperatures of living beings, particularly humans. Therefore, it is imperative to seek shelter and avoid prolonged exposure to the sun during periods of high temperature.
The elevated temperatures associated with El Nino can have adverse effects on various organs, including the brain, heart, kidneys, and muscles. Timely healthcare interventions are essential to mitigate these risks, as extreme temperatures can lead to conditions such as sunstroke, heatstroke, blood clots, and even death, especially for those transitioning from hot to cold environments abruptly.
To address these challenges, relevant organizations, particularly the Ministry of Health, must issue comprehensive guidelines on coping with the severe impacts of El Nino this summer. It is essential for individuals to adhere to these guidelines to protect themselves and their communities. Furthermore, raising awareness and disseminating knowledge on how to navigate the heatwave period are crucial aspects of preparation and prevention.
While the summer heat may present formidable challenges, unity and adherence to health guidelines can help mitigate the risks associated with El Nino-induced high temperatures. By working together and staying informed, we can ensure the safety and well-being of all individuals during this challenging period. In fact, the period of possibly high temperatures may not easily end this summer. However, meteorologists have not yet forecasted the coming second ten days of April. Even though people face higher temperatures than the first ten days, if they apply and follow dos and don’ts, they can safely overcome challenges.

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