Protect the nature of mountains for environmental conservation

The United Nations proclaimed 2022 the International Year of Sustainable Mountain Development. The UN General Assembly declared 2002 the UN International Year of Mountains, and on this occasion, it designated 11 December, from 2003 onwards, as International Mountain Day.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) coordinates the annual celebration of the day to foster greater awareness of mountain issues. The theme of this year’s International Mountain Day (IMD) on 11 December will be ‘Women move mountains’. In fact, the commemorative day initiates the creation of a chance for the promotion of gender quality and the improvement of social justice, livelihoods and resilience.
Internationally, women are crucial in mountains’ environmental protection and social and economic development. They are often the primary managers of mountain resources, guardians of biodiversity, keepers of traditional knowledge, custodians of local culture, and experts in traditional medicine.
Indeed, mountains are deposits which are home to natural resources, especially varied minerals. In order to ensure the durability of these mountains, it is necessary to conserve the hills with greening works such as reforestation and prevention of deforestation. If so, these environs can conserve the existence of the hills for many years as well as store minerals in the hills for a long time.
Moreover, these hills are designed to store water as great tanks. These are one of the various kinds of sources for the distribution of water to the environment. Conservation of the nature of hills can be defined as environmental conservation as well as protection of the human society. It is because the people from the society can extract various items of natural resources, water and food for their standing. Moreover, the mountains are also home to mountain people with the resilience to severe climatic conditions.
Actually, mountains are under threat from climate change and overexploitation. As the global climate continues to warm, mountain people — some of the world’s poorest — face even greater struggles to survive. The rising temperatures also mean that mountain glaciers are melting at unprecedented rates, affecting freshwater supplies downstream for millions of people.
Every issue can be solved in various ways to have many answers. All global people need to seek the best way for conserving the mountains to uplift the living situation of mountain people without losing the natural resources and facing environmental degradation. If so, mountains will promote the living standard of those people and improve their environment for sustainable development.

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