Pyidaungsu Hluttaw marks milestone in implementing People’s Voice, People’s Will, People’s Expectation
Section 11, Paragraph (a) of the Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar states, “The three branches of the sovereign power namely legislative power, executive power and judicial power are separated, to the extent possible and exert reciprocal control, check and balance among them.”
Hluttaw is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws. Hluttaw, practicing the legislative power, focuses on making laws that will bring about peace, law enforcement and national reconciliation for emergence of a federal democracy country in which the entire people enjoy prosperity.
The regular meetings of the Second Hluttaw commenced on 1 February 2016 and the representatives elected by the people on behalf of the people discussed matters on whether there is a transparency and accountability in the executive and judicial branches; whether there is a check and balance system in spending allotted budget; and making laws that will benefit the people.
They also raised questions and made proposals regarding policies and procedures of executive and judiciary branches of the State. The respective hluttaws have been alive and kicking with active discussions among representatives and officials as Union level responsible officials were invited to Hluttaw to make clarifications.
Speaker of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Mahn Win Kaing Than in his speech said that the first regular session of the second Pyidaungsu Hluttaw commenced on 8 February 2016; and that in accord with the Section 12, paragraph (a) of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law, the sessions of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, Pyithu Hluttaw and Amyotha Hluttaw were convened and the fourth regularly session could be held. He also said that Hluttaws are platforms of the people or a post erected specially for people to air their grievances.
In a year, Pyidaungsu Hluttaw elected the president and the vice-presidents; agreed the appointments of chairman and members of the Constitutional Tribunal, and chairman and members of the Union Election Commission; formed 22 Union ministries; agreed the appointments of the Attorney General of the Union and the Auditor General of the Union; formed Hluttaw committees; formed Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Legal Affairs and Special Cases Assessment Commission; and formed Myanmar Parliamentary Union.
The Second Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, in a year, enacted new laws, amended and revoked the old ones totaling 20 laws which will benefit much to the country.
On 6 April 2016, the State Counsellor Law was enacted to be able to build a federal union with flourishing democracy in the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. This law is also aiming at creating market oriented economic system enabling the entire citizens to enjoy peace and prosperity.
Pyidaungsu Hluttaw repealed “the Law Safeguarding the State from the Danger of Subversive Elements” on 26 May 2016 and the “Emergency Provisions Act” on 4 October 2016. It also enacted Peaceful Assembly and Peaceful Procession Law which grants rights of the people to assemble and process enshrined in the constitution on the same day.
People’s Voice, Hluttaw’s Voice, People’s Will, Hluttaw’s Will
Myanmar Investment Law was also enacted on 18 October 2016 to promote investment in the interest of the people and to create job opportunities thereby enhancing human capacity and to gain technical know-how for industrial development and to emerge international business and investment. On 2 December 2016, the Third Amending Law of the Ward and Village Tract Administration Law was approved by the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw. Moreover, Union Budget Law 43/2016 for 2016-2017 fiscal year and the Older Person Law (44/2016) were also approved.
Discussions on Bills
The Speaker of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw revealed that National Planning Bill for 2017-2018 which will be approved in the respective fiscal years and to be approved by the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw proposed by the Union government and Union Budget Law, and Tax Bill were under discussion.
Induction Programme of Hluttaw was launched in February 2016 in the Hluttaw complex in Nay Pyi Taw. This is for the representatives to widen their knowledge. The programme helps consolidate building democracy in the country and assist in shaping functions of the Hluttaw in post-election period.
Hluttaw representatives could discuss matters on how to build and promote their leadership roles in the respective committees and how to implement the objectives of a committee in Hluttaw procedures to meet success. This means that in a year they could focus on Hluttaw affairs that could be beneficial to the nation and its people.
Speakers of the respective Hluttaws including elected representatives, Tatmadaw representatives, invited former parliamentarians of world countries and the existing representatives, Resident Representatives of UNDP and officials, and officials of IPU and the House of Commons totaling 465 persons participated in the programme.
According to Speaker Mahn Win Khaing Than, the programme could inject some fresh ideas into the minds of the representatives as a preparatory measure for the time when they are tasked with tough duties of capacity building and coordination and cooperation. The programme also enhanced their ability of making legislation, conducting representation and watching. By studying the comments made at home and abroad they would understand the leadership role. The programme also highlighted opportunities and challenges faced by women representatives and thus all the representatives came to know how to support them to become brilliant ones.
ASEAN Inter-Parliamentary Assembly
Myanmar hosted, from 29 September to 3 October 2016, the 37th General Assembly of the ASEAN Inter-Parliamentary Assembly organized by the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw. Its theme entitled “Vibrant AIPA for a progressive ASEAN Community”.
Organizing such a meeting successfully shows that Myanmar has dedicated herself into fulfilling obligation as a member country and it is also a proof that Myanmar won trust of member countries. Moreover, further cooperation could be made among members and as a result appropriate achievements can be made in ASEAN region. The meeting produced good advices of member countries leading to making right decisions and realizing such decisions into reality.
At the meeting, six committees held separate sessions and made 26 important decisions concerning political, economic, social and women’s affairs for the regional countries. This can be called a historic milestone.
Making Important Decision
During the one year period of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw since its commencement, it could serve the interests of the nation and the people such as debating matters on signing of 15 international treaties and agreements.
With the aim of fighting against terrorist acts in the western part of Myanmar, trans-border crimes and organized crimes and illegal drug trade, Myanmar intends to join “BIMSTEC” Convention as well as to be a party to ASEAN Convention on Prevention against trafficking in person of women and children. To establish tourism industry among Greater Mekong Region, Myanmar is preparing to sing agreement on it. These are the decisions made by the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw.
Hluttaw representatives debated on such 11 topics as promoting economy of the State and uplifting the socio-economic life of the people; rehabilitating victims of natural disaster; imbursing more loans to farmers; promoting the agriculture sector; supplying more powers; ensuring smooth transportation; upgrading fire extinguishers and search and rescue systems; and eradicating poverty. They supported the proposals and Pyidaungsu Hluttaw approved them.
International Democracy Day
International Democracy Day for the year 2016 was held in Hluttaw complex in Nay Pyi Taw on 15 September under the theme “Democracy 2030”. At the ceremony papers that will help assist marching towards the goal of a federal state in which all citizens are enjoying prosperity.
Plans for the good of the nation
Works done by the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw in a year can be seen as measures for sustainable development of the nation including promoting human rights.
“In line with the motto “People’s Voice, Hluttaw’s Voice, People’s Will, Hluttaw’s Will, People’s Expectation, Hluttaw’s Implementation.”, Hluttaw representatives are always observing the real life of the people and their desires as they are elected by the people to represent them. They are never losing sight of serving the interests of the people.” said Mahn Win Khaing Than, the speaker.
28 Laws under debate
There left to discuss 28 laws during the remaining four-year period of the Second Pyidaungsu Hluttaw. These laws are designed to bring about prosperity of the people.
The laws include various topics such as systematic spending of budget allotted for projects across the country; ensuring systematic taxation; protecting of people’s rights and guaranteeing their security; matters on foreigners; dams and reservoirs for farmers; worksite safety and health for workers; smooth transportation for the convenience of people; and matters relating to companies for smooth flowing of foreign investments.