Tackling malnutrition requires transformation of current food systems towards more diversity at all levels

In the health sector of Myanmar, the nutritional level of children in the entire country is not satisfactory. Body growth is still at a minimum. Symptoms of nutritional deficiencies can be seen in children, upon reaching two years in age.
Although there is no damage to their intelligence, it was seen to affect their body growth. Studies need to be conducted on local food products that can provide sufficient nutrition for children.
A key solution to these issues lies in increasing the availability of and access to nutritious foods necessary for a healthy diet.
Today is the time we need to promote good agricultural practices-GAP to transform the current agriculture and food systems towards the safety and sustainable system with more diversity at all levels which can supply all the nutrients needed for a balanced diet to our people and children.
Dietary diversity is a cost-effective, affordable and sustainable means of eradicating hunger and malnutrition, and production diversity can help in addressing malnutrition and climate change simultaneously.
Achieving zero hunger requires agriculture and food systems to become more efficient, sustainable, climate-smart and nutrition-sensitive. In addition, there is a crucial need for synchronization among malnutrition, dietary diversity and production diversity.
On the other hand, shifting away from unsustainable high input-intensive crop production and monocultures towards more sustainable agro-ecological practices and diverse crop mix will yield improved production diversity.
In this regard, organic farming and GAP system would play an important role in their impact on food and nutrition security.
To help our agriculture sector, the most important thing we should do is conducting research on climate change and we must change our country’s weaknesses in performing research for the new system of agriculture.
The Agricultural Department of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fishery adopted the GAP guidelines in 2017 and has issued GAP certificates to food which meets the guidelines.
At present, the department and agricultural experts are working on drawing the organic guidelines based on the ASEAN standard as part of efforts for producing safe and nutritious food without damaging the environment.
The time has come for us to improve our food standards so as to meet ASEAN standards and compete successfully in foreign markets.
The land situation in our country, especially in hilly areas, remains nearly in its natural state to this day, and farmers are urged to use this opportunity to produce chemical-free organic crops.
The land situation in Chin State remains in its natural state to this day, and local farmers should use this opportunity to produce chemical-free organic crops.

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