By Khin Yadana
Section 11, Paragraph (a) of the Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar states, “The three branches of the sovereign power namely legislative power, executive power and judicial power are separated, to the extent possible and exert reciprocal control, check and balance among them.”
Hluttaw is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws. Hluttaw, practicing the legislative power, focuses on making laws that will bring about peace, law enforcement and national reconciliation for emergence of a federal democracy country in which the entire people enjoy prosperity.
Hluttaw is an entity that most effectively represents the people and according to the Hluttaw’s motto of “People’s voice, Hluttaw’s voice, people’s will, Hluttaw’s will, People’s Expectation, Hluttaw’s Implementation.” the Hluttaw listened to the people’s voice and implemented the hope and wishes of the people.
The Hluttaw has been two years since the regular session of the second Pyithu Hluttaw was convened on February 1, 2016. Therefore the Hluttaw has become two years old while the government was formed by the Hluttaw.
Hluttaw representatives are the elected voices of the people and Hluttaw has the power to enact laws which can enable the performance of works to be carried out and to improve the performance of the preparatory works in accord with rules and regulations.
So long as the people are actively engaged in its functions of Legislation and Hluttaw affairs, it is no doubt that the democracy will thrive in the country and the people can fully enjoy the fruitful results of democracy.
Although the Hluttaw is still young in Myanmar, it also plays a fundamental role for the democratization process of the country. It is now in the second year of its second term following the first five-year-term.
People are relying on the Hluttaw as an institution that will enact laws for the interests of the people. A country’s development, strength and power depend much upon peace and stability. Peace and stability is sustainable only when there is rule of law which is a good sign for Hluttaw and each independent human being must be treated equally by the law and law is made by people.
Therefore Hluttaw is an essential institution and law is needed for the stability of a country and to keep the machinery of the government running and thus laws are being enacted. It will be valuable for the people and the country only if these laws are fair. The Hluttaw should be an institution that will lead towards rule of law.
Hluttaw consists of Hluttaw representatives from all over the country who came about with union spirit. Representatives meet at the Hluttaw and they can learn and understand each other more. Thus representatives of Hluttaw are needed to strive for perpetuation and unity of the country and the union.
In this regard, the Hluttaw doesn’t include only various ethnic nationals but also various organizations. It is evident that this is the sign of a democratic Hluttaw. There are many good opportunities to learn how to work together with different organizations in the Hluttaw for the interest of the country.
But for a democracy to thrive and survive, cooperation is needed to strive towards keeping on the right path. Hluttaw representatives are duty-bound to stand on the frontline in this endeavor and they need to understand that they not only represent the people but also the democratic system.
Those who work for the country do so for the next generation. Each and every representative needs to have this firmly in their minds.
Myanmar is a union formed with many ethnic nationals and they also take part in this Hluttaw. For a democratic system to progress and become established, legislative, judicial and administrative sectors play a vital role to serve the people in tandem, that’s why this check and balance is a competition or alienation against each other. In order to work for the country, Hluttaw representatives should treat one another as friends and comrades so that they can effectively work for the country.
Each Hluttaw representative is needed to have goodwill towards the people and the country. It is the duty of the Hluttaw representative to use their skills properly for the interests of the people and the country.
Looking from all directions, the value of our representatives is very important.
All are needed to work together for the sake of the country. All Hluttaw representatives have an opportunity to vote correctly and they need to consider one another equally as brothers, sisters and comrades.
During the two-year-period of Hluttaw, it was evident that there has been progress in the Hluttaw representatives doing the check and balance functions which is important for the three pillars to work together.
Amyotha Hluttaw Speaker Mahn Win Khaing Than said, “ During the two years period of Hluttaw session, Amyotha Hluttaw representatives have listened to the wishes and wills of the people and tabled 13 motions, asked 715 asterisk marked questions and 649 questions to which relevant ministries and union level organizations have replied to the Hluttaw.
The Hluttaw has the responsibility of overseeing the work of the judiciary and executive branches of the government to ensure that there were checks and balances. In exercising the legislative powers entrusted to it, the Hluttaw had been enacting new laws, amending existing laws and revoked outdated laws for the benefits of the country and the people.
He stressed that the Hluttaw had enacted totaling 57 laws including 24 new laws, 24 Amendment Laws and 9 Withdrawal Law besides electing a new president in the 7th Pyidaungsu Hluttaw meeting.
There were altogether 17 committees in Amyotha Hluttaw in which each committee has performs its respective duties and regulations. During the previous two years, Amyotha Hluttaw had submitted 15 motions, and approved 8 motions which are very beneficial to the state.
Efforts are being made for the Union Government and the Hluttaws to make dramatic changes as well as reforms in the various sectors of the country and it is of vital importance to cooperate with strength and high spirits so that fruitful results will come out in the near future.
Translated by Win Ko Ko Aung