- Arakan Sein
President-elect Donald John Trump was sworn in on January 20, 2017 as the 45th President of the United States of America after beating his Democrat rival Hillary Clinton in November, 2016 US Presidential Election. Mr. Trump’s triumphant smile shook the whole world and surprised almost all prominent world leaders including former secretary of state Henry Kissinger who thought Hillary Clinton would win. Mr. Trump was chosen the person of the year 2016 by TIME magazine
and dubbed as the President of the “Divided” States of America because Mrs Clinton’s supporters took to the street for demonstrations in several States in the country.
From the first President to the 44th President, a rare coincidence has happened in the US history: Father-son presidency for two times in between. John Adams(1797-1801), the second President and his son, John Quincy Adams(1825-29), the sixth President; George H. Bush, the 41st President (1989-93) and his son George W. Bush, the 43rd President (2001-2009). Again in 2008 , Barack Hussein Obama was elected as the first black President and now Republican Donald Trump was elected as the 45th President even though he has had no experience in either government or the military. Being the ultimate outsider though, Republican Donald Trump won the Electoral College vote by running up his tally of 306 to Democrat experienced Hillary Clinton’232; but he lost the overall vote to Mrs. Clinton by a whopping 2.86 million votes.
For better or worse, we have to accept the reality: the US elected Donald Trump to be the 45 th President and the British people voted the United Kingdom out of the European Union(Brexit). The two prominent events must be regarded as a fait accompli and there is no turning back. We have to get along with US President Trump and British Prime Minister Theresa May and support them in their future undertakings. A timely reminder for both leaders: For President Trump,as the US is the No.1 country in terms of economic and military powers, it is never easy for any incoming President to control domestic and international affairs at the same time; For the British Prime Minister May, it will be very difficult for her to get along with the EU as well as countries from around the world to keep up with the changing world. Theresa May became new Prime Minister on 11 July, 2016 promising that “Brexit means Brexit”—despite the fact that she personally supported the “Remain” side during national referendum.
To the contrary, Donald Trump seems to pursue his campaign promises of temporarily banning Muslims from entering the country, building a wall along the border with Mexico, upending a global deal to fight climate change, repealing Obama’s healthcare reform law and expelling 11 million illegal immigrants from the country. Furthermore, he threatened to cut budgets to the US military base in Okinawa and at one time attacked the UN over Israeli settlements in Gaza strip. As a result, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe hurried to the United States to meet with Donald Trump on November 17, 2016 and the newly appointed UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres made a phone call to Mr. Trump because the US has been the biggest contributor to the UN funds.
A case in point for leaders: Diplomacy and power are not discrete activities. They are linked, not in a sense that each time negotiations stall, you resort to force. A conflict with modern weapons might exceed the devastation of the First World War and leave no winners, Henry Kissinger warns. And for the US there’s always been a bipartisan consensus concerning the importance of deep American engagement in the world. Japan Prime Minister and Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte agreed on the importance of US contributions to peace and prosperity of the Asia-Pacific region. If the US is not willing to handle the issue of the resource-rich South China Sea , the void will be filled by China , John Key, the former Prime Minister of New Zealand predicts.
During the campaign, President-elect Trump rattled Beijing with threats to impose tariffs on Chinese imports and questioned the United States’ commitment to one-China policy; Taiwan is going to send a delegation to Trump’s inauguration which China urged the US to bar from attending the event. Meanwhile, China’ artificial islands became a hot issue when the US nominee for Secretary of State, Rex Tillerson, told a Senate hearing that Beijing should be repelled from, and denied access to, the controversial islets. The China Foreign Ministry’s spokeswoman responded that China had the right to deploy on the Spratly islands “necessary and appropriate equipment to protect its sovereign territory”.
At same time, Chinese President Xi Jinping, while attending the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, told US Vice President Joe Biden that the world needs China and the United States to have stable and cooperative relationship. If President Trump tries to carry out his campaign threats and focus on nationalism and protectionism, the era of American global leadership will be over, a journalist warns.
Therefore ,the United States and China should be the world’s most consequential countries. Four decades ago, Watergate revealed the potential of modern presidency for the use of power on a vast scale. Will the institutions—the Congress, the House of Representatives, The White House and the press—allow the newly-elected President to do something inconsistent with American values and standards? A US president should not be viewed as aggressive and hostile but rather as benevolent and friendly to his own people and to peoples from around the world. During his presidential campaigns, Mr. Trump’s powerful rhetorical speeches are assumed by many critics as undiplomatic and unpresidential. The world will be cautiously watching how President Trump will play a role on the world stage.