In the 2nd Amyotha Hluttaw 7th regular session fourth day meeting held yesterday morning in Amyotha Hluttaw meeting hall, a bill and a motion was discussed.
A bill to amend the Early Child Care and Development Law was first debated by Daw Shwe Shwe Sein Latt of Bago Region constituency 3, Daw Ei Ei Pyone of Ayeyawady Region constituency 8, U Soe Thein @ U Maung Soe of Taninthayi Region constituency 10 and Naw Hla Hla Soe of Yangon Region constituency 10.
A motion tabled by Daw Htu May of Rakhine State constituency 11 urging the government to change the curriculum, teaching and examination system of English starting from grade 9 into 4 skills – reading, writing, speaking, listening system was then debated by Hluttaw representatives.
U Hla San of Magway Region constituency 1 supported the motion and said possibility of success were observed in the currently conducted speaking and listening skill lessons in KG (kindergarten) and KG+1 Grade 1. As they went on to higher grades and upon reaching Grade 9 and beyond until they complete the basic education, it is to be thought out whether there is a possibility of success.
The role of the teachers will become important. If the teachers are not well versed in the teaching methods and systems, only bright students will be able to learn well. Therefore teachers need to be trained so that they can teach future generation of Myanmar to be on the level of not only ASEAN but the world as well.
As English is becoming a bridge in the communication sector, technology sector, education sector and research sector, the motion is fully supported, said U Hla San. U Chit Htwe of Magway Region constituency 3 said the motion is related to KG+12 (2016-2021) national education strategic plan where KG, Grade 1 and Grade 2 will begin on 2016, 2017 and 2018 respectively and Myanmar curriculum committee is said to complete the curriculum to Grade 12 by 2022.
The new curriculum will include the English curriculum of the proposed motion such as teaching system and assessment system (examination) that is according to the four skills assessment system. Therefore, the motion is believed to be the same as the national education strategic plan that is being implemented.
Tatmadaw representative Major Khin Maung Cho next discussed about modern teaching method widely used being teaching by activity, sight and sound. Teaching and learning were done throughout the history of human being and teachers can teach to students according to their level and age only when they themselves are trained.
He added that there is no short cut in education and a result could not be achieved in a short while. To be skillful in four skills depend upon the skilled persons leading the Ministry of Education, parents, teachers and students.
U Min Oo of Bago constituency 6, U Zon Hle Htan of Chin State constituency 4 and U Khin Win of Magway Region constituency 2 also discussed the motion.
In discussing the motion, Union Minister for Education Dr. Myo Thein Gyi said primary education is the basic foundation of the entire education system and for primary teachers to have experience and to be of better quality, skill requirements and appointment system of primary, middle and high school teachers need to be modified. Grade 1 English language text book for education year 2017-2018 is prepared for the development of four skills.
Curriculum is drawn so that in the teaching of English subject, four skills are taught with participatory method and interactive method. In education year 2022-2023, Grade 1 to Grade 12 will be teaching under a new curriculum that is based on four skills said the Union Minister.
The Union Minister proposed to put the motion on record but Daw Htu May of Rakhine State constituency 11 who tabled the motion requested for Hluttaw decision’s to approve the motion. The motion was put to the vote, and there were 96 votes for and 102 against the motion, with 1 abstentions.
Amyotha Hluttaw Speaker Mahn Win Khaing Than announced that the motion will be put on record. 2nd Amyotha Hluttaw 7th regular session fifth day meeting will be held in 23 January it is learnt.
Aye Aye Thant,
Myo Thu Hein