Vice President U Myint Swe delivered a speech at the 54th Myanmar Police Force Day held in Thingaha Hotel, Nay Pyi Taw, yesterday morning.
Present at the event were Pyithu Hluttaw Speaker U T Khun Myat, Amyotha Hluttaw Speaker Mahn Win Khaing Than, Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar Chairman U Myo Nyunt, Union Election Commission Chairman U Hla Thein, Amyotha Hluttaw Deputy Speaker U Aye Tha Aung, Union Ministers, Union Auditor General, Nay Pyi Taw Council Chairman, Union Supreme Court judges, Deputy Ministers, Nay Pyi Taw Council members, Permanent Secretaries, Myanmar Police Force Chief, Directors General, deputy directors general, diplomats, local and international organizations, artists, local and foreign news media, invited guests and officials.
After the Myanmar Police Force Day flag hoisting ceremony, a one-minute silence was observed in honor of Police Force personnel who gave their lives in the line of duty.
In his speech at the event, Vice President U Myint Swe said that after achieving independence, Myanmar Police Force reforms were conducted and on 1 October 1964 it was renamed “People’s Police Force” and that day was designated as Myanmar Police Force Day. It may be noted that its motto of “loyalty, integrity and courage” has been practiced and observed.
Since 1 October 1995, it was called the Myanmar Police Force and was transformed both in appearance as well as in essence to serve the people more. It is now in the 54th year.
The four aims of the Myanmar Police Force implemented were internal security and peace, rule of law, protecting and preventing the danger of drugs and to conduct works that are beneficial for the people.
As social problems, community problems, economic problems and drug problems are related to increase or decrease of crime, the attempt to control effectively terrorist acts as well as various crimes that are occurring could not be depended solely on the laws and judiciary system that are in practice now. It is important for the police force to cooperate with the judiciary sector as well as education, health, housing settlement, job search sectors, media, local and foreign non-government organizations and civil organizations in all sectors.
When cooperating, the main problem that the Union level needs to resolve is the drug problem. In solving today’s drug problem in the world, based on each country’s background history, culture, development and ownership of resources, location and geographical situation, various approaches were seen to be used. Myanmar also had suffered from the drug problem like other countries of the world for many years, and based on the experience of successive governments, there is a requirement to handle the drug problem more effectively.
According to 2017 UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crimes) report opium growing decreased by 25 percent and drugs produced from opium also decreased by 14 percent. However, new ecstasy pills made with modern chemicals were produced, and as the demand is high both locally and abroad, production has increased. Only through cooperation between the Central Committee for Drug Abuse Control (CCDAC), relevant organizations and related departments can the demand be reduced and can there be effective control.
The drug problem destroys people’s health, social life and basic economy in many ways and the result of cross border crimes and acts of terror affect regional stability and rule of law. Myanmar has signed on as member of three conventions related to drugs in order to handle the drug problem together. Laws have been amended and enacted according to these conventions, and drug control and eradication organizations have been formed and projects drawn and implemented.
Handling of the drug problem in Myanmar could not be left to the Tatmadaw and Myanmar Police Force preventive and judiciary sector strategy alone, and all sectors need to be considered. United Nations General Assembly Special Session on the World Drug Problem was held in April 2016, where work suggestions were established to draw up drug policies that included all sector approaches. Myanmar CCDAC also drew up and enacted a national drug control policy on 23 November 2017.
As per the new drug control policy, emphasis must be placed on socio-economic development of the people by reducing the drug problem through reducing opium production, developing substitutes, reducing usage and reducing follow up dangers, international cooperation, increasing research works and to be in line with human rights proclamations,
To implement the new national drug control policy, state/region wise discussions have been conducted and an Action Plan will be drawn up and implemented within two years.
In order to systematically receive complaint and information from the public to prevent and eradicate the danger of drugs and psychotropic substances, the office of the President had established a Drug Activity Special Complaint Department.
Starting from 1997, Myanmar has designated combating human-trafficking as a national duty. More than 20 years have passed and during that period a Central Body for the Suppression of Trafficking in Persons and Anti-Human Trafficking Police Force have been formed. Myanmar has signed on as member of United Nations resolution and ASEAN plan of action on the eradication of trafficking in persons and signed bilateral MOUs.
Myanmar is drawing up and implementing five-year plans to combat human trafficking. The third five-year plan from 2017-2021 will be implemented in four sectors; cooperating in project with policy, prevention, legal action and protection.
The Myanmar Police Force is a member of INTERPOL and is cooperating in police
work with INTEROL headquarters and among member countries, exchanging news on crimes, conducting workshops, training courses and crime prevention operations on cross border crimes.
Furthermore, Myanmar participated in INTERPOL crime eradication operations on fake medicine conducted in 2018, border region management work processes on preventing and eradicating human trafficking and inspecting and scrutinizing movement of suspected criminals and terrorists at the border gates in Southeast Asian countries by connecting with the INTERPOL data system.
Similarly, it is working with ASEAN National Police (ASEANAPOL) and member countries by attending annual conferences and cooperating in various sectors.
Looking at the present situation, political, economic and social situations are changing and developing as technology changes and develops. Due to these changes and developments, new types of crimes evolve and continuous training and upgrade of the capability of the police force at all levels need to be done to handle instability caused by terrorism.
That is why police force personnel were sent to local and international workshops, discussions and trainings and from the experience gained, the capability of the personnel are not only raised but aimed towards making them to be on the same level internationally.
To increase the capacity of the police force, four areas have been designated in cooperating with international organizations. Training in police work to be upgraded to the international level, police work involving participation of the people, human rights matters without gender discrimination, service oriented courses on police works, crime investigation courses, process on taking responsibility, cooperating with media, effective management and monitoring processes are being conducted.
The Myanmar Police Force is educating the people on legal and crime matters and expects to resolve and prevent crimes through increasing direct and indirect cooperation of the people.
The Myanmar Police Force was expanded and upgraded as it plays an important role in changes in the country, and the expanding relations with external police organizations, such as the International Police Force and ASEAN Police Force, also demanded the upgrading of the MPF, he added.
The Union Government has modernized the arms of the Myanmar Police Force due to the new forms of crimes and bought the MPF materials with modern technology, new laboratory kits for DNA test, communications equipment, Mobile X-Ray vehicles and other vehicles.
Outstanding members of the MPF are honoured every year, while those who fell while doing their duties for the country are posthumously honoured and the diligence of those who lost their limbs in action should also be acknowledged, he said.
The Vice President also stressed the need to ensuring transparency of the MPF in providing security services to the people, in accordance with the law, and sending correct information to the people as part of efforts for reducing the fears of the people.
“I would like to urge you to ensure transparency, accountability and responsibility in your works to become good members of the Myanmar Police Force and to do your duties in the interests of the people with honesty and impartiality,” said the Vice President.
Following his speech, Union Minister for Home Affairs Lt-Gen Kyaw Swe presented awards to two policemen for their excellent performance with bravery and to one DNA expert.
Outstanding police were also honored at this event.—MNA